The Chevrolet Lumina is a manufactured by the American automaker General Motors since 1989 car of the upper middle class. The vehicles were manufactured by the beginning of 1989 until the spring of 2001 in Ontario (Canada), replacing both the Chevrolet Celebrity and the Chevrolet Monte Carlo.
The U.S. Lumina model was available in two different versions, which initially led to some confusion among buyers. In addition to a saloon with the name Lumina sedan and the Lumina APV minivan was offered.
The current model is made in Australia at the GM subsidiary Holden and offered only a few markets.
- 2.1 engines
Chevrolet Lumina Sedan (1990-1994)
In early 1989, the Lumina was the official model of Chevrolet for the NASCAR race. Only a year later, the production car went on sale.
The American Chevrolet Lumina was based on the W platform of General Motors, was similar to the Pontiac Grand Prix, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, Oldsmobile Intrigue, Buick Regal and Buick Century ( after 1996 ).
Although the Lumina sold well, GM was criticized in the press for having brought too late a competitor for the Ford Taurus on the market.
The stronger version of the "standard" model was the lumens Z34. This featured a 3.4 -liter DOHC V6 engine LQ 1, the (210 PS) provided to power 154 kW at 5200 min -1.
The external changes were, for example, from plant to mounted spoiler and some changed to the body shapes, air intake slots on the bonnet, and a special steering wheel. The grill was also shipped with a panel in body color. The whole thus resembled the Ford Taurus SHO.
Chevrolet Lumina Sedan
In the fall of 1994, the Lumina has been fully refurbished. There remained only the sedan as the Lumina coupe was renamed in Monte Carlo.
The LHO V6 engine was changed to the L82 V6, also known as the 3100 SFI. From this model also special versions for police and taxi companies were produced after the production of the Chevrolet Caprice was discontinued in 1996.
A sporty version of the vehicle came on the market in early 1997 to replace the adjusted models Impala SS and Caprice. The version had sport wheels (similar to the style of the Impala SS), the 3.4 -liter V6 ( the optionally available from 1997 was ), a tachometer, and power seats.
The 3.4 -liter V6 engine was replaced in 1998 with the 3800 " Series II " engine and about the same time also the airbags have been improved.
On April 26, 2001, General Motors stopped production. Sales of the Lumina was no longer profitable enough by Chevrolet. In the autumn of 1999, the model Chevrolet Impala came back on the market, which - now with front-wheel drive - as the successor to. Among ranked the Chevrolet Malibu.
In some Asian countries, the production of the Lumina ran on and he was sold as a Buick Century / Regal. In Latin America, the Lumina was sold under the name Omega.
Outside the U.S.
From 1998, a new Lumina model offered on markets of the Middle East and South Africa. It is a sister model of the Holden Commodore VT / VX / VY / VZ ( Lumina Sedan ) and Holden Monaro ( Lumina Coupe ) and was manufactured until 2006 with this in Australia.
The produced since 2006 generation of the Holden Commodore ( VE) is sold as the Chevrolet Lumina. In South Africa even the Holden Ute is offered as Lumina UTE, but only the top model Lumina Lumina UTE SS or SS
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- Vehicle of the upper middle class