The Chevrolet Suburban, a large SUV, is one of the most traditional vehicles from Chevrolet. The first version of the large and heavy car was built in 1935. He is still the largest series-produced SUV with up to 9 seats and a well-used police and military vehicle in the U.S., where he was also marketed as a GMC Suburban. In Australia he was offered briefly as Holden Suburban.
Many car manufacturers in the United States used the name " Suburban " to describe a combination with windows, which was based on a commercial vehicle chassis frame. With the end of production of the Dodge Town Wagon in 1966 after which only produced General Motors ( GM) a Suburban.
In the first years of the Suburban Chevrolet was a great two-door station wagon front engine, rear-wheel drive and thus basically a heavier cars from model year 1960, the Suburban was based then on the chassis of a light truck ( pickup) and was thus a SUV or later SUV, first with two doors. In this model generation for the first time was also all-wheel drive available.
In the years 1967 to 1972, the Suburban had three doors ( " Three doors " ), one on the driver side and two on the passenger side. As before, the vehicle was two wheel drive (2WD or rear-wheel drive ) or four-wheel drive (4WD) available and was stylistically inspired by the contemporary pickups from Chevrolet.
The third generation of the Suburban 1973-1991 was five doors and had up to nine seats in an even larger body. He had this one at the former Chevrolet Blazer Series K/K5 ( 1969-1995 ) emphasizes edged oriented similar but longer body, which made the Suburban the largest series-built SUV. In this series there were times on request permanent all-wheel drive with central differential, otherwise as before, with a switchable rigid through-drive has no central differential.
The fourth series from 1991 to 1999, which was built on the GMT400 platform, was stylistically as well as technically modernized considerably. In this model the generation Suburban was available with two-wheel or four-wheel drive. Within the range of models of the Chevrolet Suburban ranged from then on as the largest SUV above the optically similar shorter Chevrolet Tahoe the first generation ( 1992-1995 structurally identical to the two-door GMC Yukon and Chevrolet Blazer K5).
The penultimate version of the Suburban was built from 1999 to 2005 and based on the GMT800 platform on which to build the Cadillac Escalade ESV or even the GMC Yukon XL ( the new name for the GMC Suburban ). He continues to provide up to nine passengers.
The vehicle came in many variants and equipment lines as well as in three engine options:
From 1991 to 1999, with a 5.7 -liter small-block V8 engine with 254 hp, a 7.4 -liter V8 engine Bigblock with 290 hp and a 6.5 - liter V8 Small Block - Turbo Diesel 195 hp.
From late 1999 to 2005 with a 5.3 -liter Vortec small-block V8 engine with 217 kW ( 295 hp), a 6 -liter V8 engine with 246 kW ( 335 hp) and a 8.1 -liter V8 Bigblock with 235 kW (325 hp).
The current and since 2005 in the sale located generation ( GMT900 platform) to dispense with the 8.1 -liter Bigblock and relies on smaller Vortec V8 engines with up to 6 liters and 259 kW and is optionally also E85 -compatible.
First generation (1933-1934)
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Chevrolet offered a station wagon, which in the context of the 0.5 to - rested light truck.. This car was built specifically for the National Guard, and the Civilian Conservation Corps. The largest part of the structure was made of wood and had up to eight seats.
Second generation (1935-1940)
Chevrolet Carryall Suburban ( 1937)
Chevrolet offered the new body version as a " Carryall Suburban ". She had frame and front car of the half- ton truck from these years, however, was an all-steel station wagon, which in the form of little of the contemporary " Woodies " differed. The cars had up to 8 seats, 3 front, 2 in the middle and 3 on the rear. The tailgate was either double-leaf left and right hinge or divided horizontally into an opening up rear window and a downwardly opening flap.
Third generation (1941-1946)
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The Suburban was built in model years 1941, 1942 and 1946. During the Second World War, it was built as a military transport vehicle. This model also had up to 8 seats. The models with rear hinged doors were called " 3106 " that with divisible tailgate " 3116 ". The Chevrolet version was equipped with a six-cylinder engine with 3540 cc capacity, ³ the GMC version with such a with 3736 cm.
Fourth Generation (1947-1955)
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In 1952 there was the Suburban with rear wing doors or horizontal split Heccklappe. Like its predecessor, welcomed the models with rear hinged doors " 3106 ", the tailgate with divisible " 3116 ". The front bench seat was in two seats on the left side and a split on the right side. The latter could be pushed for access to the rear seats forward. The middle row of seats consisting of a 2/3-Stizbank which allowed access to the back row of seats. From 1953 to the GMC models one 4-step Hydra -Matic automatic transmission offered and 1954 in the Suburban Chevrolet.
In this generation the last time " Canopy Express " models ( station wagons on the frame of a light truck ) were offered.
The styling of the 1949 model inspired half a century later, the Chevrolet HHR.
Fifth Generation (1955-1959)
Chevrolet Suburban ( 1955)
It was only on March 25, 1955, in the model year, newly designed and styled Chevrolet Suburban were introduced. All Chevrolet models received new styling with a flatter bonnet, front wings in a line with the rest of the body and a trapezoid grille. The V-shaped speedometer shared the Suburban with the car models of the brand.
As there were six-cylinder engines and the small-block V8. The Chevrolets had the V8 engine with 4342 cc and later 4638 cc, while GMC began a Pontiac -based V8. The model numbers were taken from the previous year, with 1957, the numbers " 3156 " for the all-wheel drive model with hinged doors and " 3166 " for the addition came with a split tailgate.
Sixth Generation (1960-1966)
GMC Suburban Carryall (1966 )
The styling of the model years 1960/1961 took loans from the Chevrolet models of the 1950s. The vehicles had large oval air intakes above the grille. Technically there were in 1960 a new independent front suspension. The cab had a panoramic windscreen. There was another wing doors and horizontally split tailgate. Starting in 1962, the large oval air intakes at the front disappeared. 1964 received the car a flatter windshield, and larger side windows. The payload increased to 520 kg.
In this generation there was for the first time on all models on request a factory-made wheel drive ( "K "). The rear-drive "C" models had a front independent suspension with torsion bar and rear pivot beam axle and coil springs. 1963 but there was a return to more conventional, simple coil spring suspension.
The Chevrolets were available both with inline six- cylinder engines as well as with small-block V8 engines. GMC there was also a 4998 cc V6 engine. The truck came from the middle line of GMC. He had a high torque, but needed a lot of gasoline. There were manual 3 - and 4 -speed transmission and a Powerglide automatic transmission.
Stageway in Fort Smith, Arkansas, made a version for 15 passengers. This converted Suburban had three doors on the right side of the vehicle, a wheelbase of 4343 mm and weighed 2858 kg.
After 1966 there was no Eintonner (C30 ) more.
Seventh Generation (1967-1972)
GMC Suburban Carryall (1968-1972)
The C / K Suburban second-generation can be recognized by the individual driver's door on the left and the two doors on the right side. There was rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive models.
There V6 engines (for example from 4785 Chevrolet cc and GMC with 4998 cm ³) and V8 engines with 4637 cc 5031 cc 5359 cc 5735 cc and 6555 cc. For the first time a three-quarter ton truck was available.
In this generation, the last time the station wagon models were offered C -10 and C-20, most recently in 1970.
1971 disc brakes were introduced on the front wheels, and 1972 there were in the rear-drive versions the last time the coil springs on the rear axle. 1972 a smaller housing for the air conditioning, the rear seat passengers has been introduced. The devices available from 1967 claimed before the entire length of the roof. In 1971, there were desired, an adjustable steering wheel.
1964, Chevrolet in Brazil a 5-door version of the Suburban called Veraneio (also C-14/16 ) a. It was based on the 6th generation of products made in the USA Suburban, but with a specially developed for Brazil bodywork. At first she was powered by an inline six -cylinder engine with 4.2 liters of Chevrolet, which was based on the manufactured until 1962 " Stovebolt " engines. Later, the 4.1 - liter engine of the Brazilian middle class cars Chevrolet Opala was used. The original version of Varaneiro was made with a different grille and other interior until 1988, but then replaced by a modern version of the C -20 family.
In 1997, GM in Brazil the Silverado pickup one which replaced the C Series. The Brazilian version of the Suburban, which was built until 2001 in the same style as the U.S. Tahoe in 1992, was named Grand Blazer and was the successor of Varaneiro. The 4.1 - liter engine with 103 kW was offered in two models. On request, there was also a 4.2- liter turbo diesel with 125 kW.
Eighth Generation (1973-1991)
GMC Suburban (1973-1991)
With the 8th generation of the Suburban was a 5-door SUV. The body shape with the rounded lines was built for 19 years, almost unchanged. There were versions with rear-wheel drive (C) or all-wheel drive (K ), those with 0.5 tons. Payload and those with 0.75 tons. ( Labeled " 10" and " 20" at Chevrolet, or " 1500" and " 2500" in GMC). The Eintonner called GMC " C30 / K30 " at Chevrolet " 3500".
The Suburban model year 1973 had now on both sides two doors ( previous generations had only one door on the driver's side) an air conditioner for the front and middle row of seats, a luggage rack, a heater under the third row of seats and steps for easier access. If desired, the rear differential was provided with an automatic lock.
Basic performance was the Chevrolet small-block V8 with 4998 cc capacity. V8 engines with 5735 cc or 6555 cc capacity were available. For the first time there was also the Chevrolet big block V8 with 7440 cc capacity. As of 1982, the Detroit Diesel V8 was to order with 6211 cc and 97 kW power. The Diesel later became the most popular engine for the exported to Europe Suburban.
The three-stage automatic transmission Turbo Hydra -Matic 350 it was only for the small-block engines. The Turbo Hydra -Matic 400 was eingestetzt for the big block and the diesel engine. In 1981, the four-stage Turbo Hydra -Matic 700R4 was introduced for all small-block engines and the diesel. There were also packages with reduced axle ratio and additional coolers for heavy loads.
As equipment lines, there was the basic equipment and the Silverado better equipment. On request, there was a third row of seats, so that 9 people were transported. There was also a rear heating as an option.
In 1981 there were automatically locking hubs for the front axle, so that the all-wheel drive while driving could be switched, and the NP- 208- Mitteldifferntial was replaced by the NP- 205 on most models.
1984 there was asbestos-free brake pads rear and 1985, a new grille. 1985 saw overall 64.670 Suburban.
1986 and 1987, carburation of gasoline engines of the carburetor was converted to injection. The GM- injection system called Throttle body injection ( TBI). In 1990, the Suburban received an ABS for the rear axle and 1991 heavy-duty automatic transmission GM 4L80 was introduced.
From 1987 to 1991 were called the former Chevrolet C / K models R, or V. This was done to avoid confusion with the Chevrolet C / K flatbed trucks, which were introduced in 1988.
Chevrolet Suburban C20 ( 1979)
GMC Suburban K25 Diesel ( 1983)
GMC Suburban Sierra Classic
Chevrolet Suburban 2500
GMC Sierra Classic 1500 (1986)
Ninth Generation (1992-1999)
Chevrolet Suburban GMT400 ( 1992-1999)
The based on the GMT 400 Suburban was introduced in model year 1992. The same type pickup models were offered on newer platforms from model year 1998. There was again models with rear -wheel drive and, as "C" and "K " means, as well as those having from 0.5 to 0.75. Payload ( " 1500" and " 2500" ).
The base engine was the Chevrolet small-block V8 with 5735 cc capacity. The Chevrolet big block V8 with 7440 cc displacement, there was put in the 2500th The 6.5 liter turbo diesel, there were in all the versions on request, when he was in the 1500 rarely ordered.
For 1500, there was the GM 4L60 automatic transmission with four steps, during 2500 the stronger GM 4L80. Manual transmission was no longer offered.
With the GMT400 independent suspension was introduced forward. The rear-wheel drive models had coil springs and four-wheel models torsion bars on the front axle. All models had a leaf-sprung live axle rear.
The Suburban 1995 accelerated in 11.7 seconds from 0 to 100 km / h The turning circle diameter was 14.57 m.
The simplest equipment was the LS version, then followed the LT. There was in the first row of seats either a bench seat or individual seats and, upon request, there was a third row of seats. So were 2-9 seats realize.
As of 1994, there were annual changes:
- Revised front of the car and 3rd brake light (1994 )
- New interior with driver's airbag, new rear view mirrors ( 1995)
- New, enhanced performance, fuel-efficient 5.7 -liter and 7.4 liter engines, electronically switchable four-wheel drive, driving lights, entry lights and some changes in the interior ( 1996)
- New transmission, improved steering and front passenger airbags (1997)
- Immobilizer and permanent all-wheel drive on demand, new airbags, new steering and new transmission (1998)
- 1999, no changes were made until the introduction of the new 2000 models.
In 1998, Holden a RHD version of the Suburban for the markets in Australia and New Zealand. The available with petrol or diesel engines vehicles had the dashboard of the right-hand drive Chevrolet Blazer (1995-2005 ). Because of poor quality and low customer interest was one of these models but back on.
GMC Suburban ( SL [ Base ] Trim ) ( 1992-1994)
GMT400 GMC Suburban ( 0.5 tons. )
Tenth generation (2000-2006)
Chevrolet Suburban GMT800 (2000-2006 )
The based on the GMT800 Suburban were introduced for the 2000 model year 1999. There they were again in the series 1500 ( 0.5 tons. ) And 2500 (0.75 tons. ). The trim levels were base, LS and LT. On request, there were selectable four-wheel drive and a trailer hitch.
For the new model, the long-serving 5.7 liter and 7.4 liter V8 engines were just little longer used, such as the 6.5- liter diesel engine. Instead, there was a V8 with 5325 cc displacement for the 1500 and one with 5965 cc for the 2500th
Were also new:
- Spare tire under the floor ( rather than at the tailgate )
- Exit lights in the rear-view mirrors for the LS and LT trim levels
- New instrumentation with trip computer and operating hours counter for the motor
- Automatic climate control for the equipment line LT
- Disc brakes on all four wheels
- Level control for the equipment lines LS and LT
2001, the 6.0 liter engine received a power boost of 15 kW in 2500. On request, there was also the new V8 engine with 8128 cc capacity. OnStar was supplied as standard on LS and LT models.
2002, various options available in the LS model were standard, such as Automatic climate control front and rear, aluminum wheels, electric windows, electrically adjustable front seats, running boards, fog lamps and heated exterior mirrors. The equipment line base was set; there were only LS and LT.
The 5.3 liter engine has been approved for alcohol use. The 6.0 liter engine was no more in the series 1500.
2003 got all the big GM trucks a new interior with modified center console and other improvements. There were new radio with Radio Data System, XM Satellite Radio, Bose sound systems and improved ergonomics. On request, the pedals were adjustable in height and the on-board computer has been improved, so that he could represent 34 functions of the vehicle. On request, there was also a mounted in the headliner DVD system from Panasonic.
A vehicle dynamics control system was installed, and for the Suburban 2500 Series and the Yukon XL, there were four-wheel steering. The payload for so -equipped vehicles was 136 kg ( weight of the system ) is reduced.
2004, the vehicles of the 1500 series were equipped with a hydro boost brake system, which had been previously introduced in the 2500 series.
The Suburban for the Mexican market received a new vehicle rear and a new front of the vehicle, which resembled those of the Silverado.
2005, the left and right hinged rear doors were no longer available, but only the previously built as an optional extra tailgate. Some engines are fitted with an electric cooling system to run more fuel-efficient, only the 6.0 liter and 8.1 liter engines in 0.75 to. - model ( 2500) retained their engine driven fan.
The Z71 package - available only in the long -wheel-drive Suburban - there was now in the rear-wheel drive. OnStar was standard on all models.
Finally, the vehicle dynamics control in all 0.5 -to. Models ( 1500) was included as standard.
2006, the last model year of the GMT800 Suburban bsierten, there was a special LTZ package with 20 " wheels, all-wheel drive and the 6.0 liter LQ4 Series motor 2500th
, The catalyst was installed closer to the engine. XM radio antenna and the OnStar antenna were combined into one unit.
- Vortec 5300: ³ V8 with 5326 cm displacement and 199 kW (2000 ), 210 kW ( 2001-2003) or 217 kW ( 2004-2006) performance. Torque: 454 Nm at 4000 rpm
- Vortec 6000: ³ V8 with 5965 cm displacement and 246 kW. Torque: 508 Nm at 4000 rpm
- Vortec 8100: ³ V8 with 8128 cm displacement and 239 kW. Torque: 606 Nm at 3200 rpm
Eleventh generation (since 2007)
Chevrolet Suburban GMT900 (since 2007)
The models in the 2007 class were presented Auto Show in January 2006 at the Los Angeles. In March 2006, the production of the revised GMT900 models ran on and in April 2006 were the first copies of the merchants.
The new models had a more modern, more rounded design that you had seen the earlier featured Chevrolet Tahoe. The outer shape was more aerodynamic, which is due in part to a steeper Asked windshield. The drag coefficient of the new form is better than the old one.
Inside you will find a redesigned dashboard and improved seats. Only in the equipment line LS there are 9 seats; LT2 and LT3 when there are leather seats for 6, 7 or 8 passengers. In LT2 and LT3 there is the Z71 package with two-tone leather seats. All Suburban in Mexico - including the Nine -seater - have two-tone leather seats. Also, a police version with armor plates, 9 seats, improved 8.1 -liter V8 engine and Z71 package is delivered from Mexico. This model is especially used by the Mexican police, and is sold as LT -P. The Suburban LTZ comes standard with a DVD player, GPS navigation and radio with touch screen.
In the 2010 model year, the U.S. News & World Report, the Suburban is selected as the best affordable SUV, a new premium interior package was introduced, which includes a three- zone climate control, Bluetooth and radio controls on the rear seats. All radio models supplied as standard have a USB port. The 6.0 liter engine is also suitable for alcohol use. Finally, there were minor changes to the front of the vehicle, such as a slightly raised bumper. Side airbags are fitted as standard.
In February 2010, Chevrolet introduced before a 75 - year edition of the Suburban, which was equipped with LTZ equipment, three -layer coating the outside and a cashmere interior. 20 " chrome wheels, a new roof rails, in the radio built-in GPS navigation, XM Satellite Radio, Bluetooth, rear view camera, Park assist rear, remote start, adjustable pedals, leather seats, heated / cooled front seats were standard.
The engines with 5.3 liter and 6.0 liter displacement were still available; A new 6.2 -liter V8 with 301 kW happened. The 8.1 -liter V8 engine has been discontinued.