Chichibu (Japanese秩 父 市, - shi) is a city in western Saitama Prefecture.
The city is located in the far western part of Saitama Prefecture. In contrast to other parts of the prefecture is mountainous and the population is concentrated in river terraces along the Arakawa. It is Saitama's largest community area and borders the prefectures of Tokyo, Yamanashi, Nagano and Gumma. Large parts of the city are part of the Chichibu- Tama - Kai National Park.
Since the area is not suitable for rice farming here other agricultural types such as sericulture have evolved. Limestone from Mount Buko, which rises south of the city center, was another important source of income. Because of its rich nature and proximity to Tokyo today wins the tourism importance. The city is also famous for its breweries.
The city originally developed as a marketplace for the district and as a city by the Chichibu Shinto Shrine. The old name of the city, Ōmiya (大 宫 郷- gō, dt large shrine ), was derived from this shrine. ( It is mere coincidence that the Municipality Ōmiya, borne by the prefectural capital Saitama, where the Hikawa Shrine is the same name. )
On a small hill the remains of probably the oldest manmade building were found. It involves parts of a hut that was in front of half a million years from a Homo erectus, an ancestor of Homo sapiens, built. Around the excavation site also 30 stone tools have been found. The earliest archaeological finds of a human building in Terra Amata (France) were "only " 200,000 to 400,000 years old.
708 Copper was discovered in the area and brought to the imperial court. The Wado era (和 铜, dt Japanese copper) was then proclaimed to commemorate its. The copper was used to Wado Kaiho or Wado Kaichin, which are among the oldest coins of Japan to mint.
1884, the Chichibu Incident took place here. This was an uprising of impoverished peasants under the influence of freedom and civil rights movement. Seven were sentenced to death and over 4,000 were punished.
1889 Chō Ōmiya (大 宫 町Ōmiya -chō ) was founded in 1916 and renamed to Chichibu. On April 1, 1950 she was declared the Shi.
1954 were the Mura Odamaki, Haraya and Kuna, 1957 Takashino and Ōta, 1958 Chō Kagemori and 2005 Chō Yoshida and Arakawa Mura and Otaki incorporated.
Every year on December 3, a great night festival is held in Chichibu. Here come the crowds from Chichibu, the prefecture, Tokyo and the Kanto region.
Other points of interest are:
- Chichibu Muse Park
- Chichibu -Sakura - Lake
- Chichibu Shrine
- Chichibu Lake
- Hitsujiyama Park
- Okuchichibu Mountains
- Mitsumine Shrine
- Nakatsugawa Canyon
- 34 Temple of Chichibu
Two lines run by Chichibu: Chichibu Chichibu tetsudō main line to the Seibu Chichibu Hanyū and Line to Hanno. The Chichibu Main Line was built along the Arakawa and opened in 1914. The Seibu Chichibu Line was opened in 1969 and shortened the distance to Tokyo. From Seibu Chichibu Station to Ikebukuro Station, one of the main terminal in Tokyo, the journey time is 1.5 hours. These railway lines carry not only passengers but also limestone from Mount Buko. Both lines were connected directly to each other on 1 April 1989. Chichibu tetsudō also leads the Mitsumine cable car, visitors promoted to Mitsumine Shrine.
The National Roads 140 and 299 lead to the city. National Highway 140 connects the city through the driveway Hanazono with the Kan -Etsu Expressway. Until the opening of the tunnel Karisaka 1998, the city due to the steep Okuchichibu Mountains, had no connection to Yamanashi Prefecture.
Adjacent Cities and Towns
Sons and daughters of the town
- Tatsuya Fujiwara (actor)
- Taipei Hayashiya ( rakugo actor)
- Jiro Kammuri (musician )
- Kaneko Tota, poet
- Senryu Kawayanagi ( rakugo actor)
- Masaru Sakurai ( musician, member of The Alfee )
- Noi Sawaragi ( art critic )
- Akira Taue ( wrestler )
- Japan Toshima, Japan, since October 14, 1983
- Japan Sanyo Onoda, Japan, since May 20, 1996
- United States Antioch, United States, since September 16, 1967
- Flag of South Korea Gangneung, South Korea, since February 16, 1983
- China People's Republic of Linfen, People's Republic of China, since October 7, 1988
- Australia Warringah, Australia, since April 26, 1996
Conjunction with The Mikado
The city considers itself a source of inspiration for Gilbert and Sullivan's operetta The Mikado. The Handlungsort Titipu this opera is pronounced in Japanese Chichipu. Rokusuke egg, a well-known essayist, was convinced that Chichibu, the scene of the Chichibu Incident of 1884, the author Gilbert inspired to flex the operetta in Japan. Other concluded that Gilbert may have heard of Chichibu silk, an important export commodity in the 19th century. A theater company from Chichibu presented The Mikado in Japanese in Japan and in August 2006 at the International Gilbert and Sullivan Festival in Buxton, Derbyshire, England.