Children's street culture
As a children's folklore is called in the ethnographic narrative research all of the usual in children linguistic and non - linguistic phenomena, which are passed through social transmission from children to children, not primarily about adults. A necessary condition for this is unplanned resulting groups of children - respectively kindergartens and schools - as well as public places ( streets, backyards, parks, etc.), where the children feel undisturbed.
Children's folklore accounts for a significant part of children's play. Also bogeyman figures, childlike faith, lullabies, finger rhymes, word games and the like can be among them.
Children's folklore in other countries
English speaking room
In English-speaking children's folklore ( children's street culture ) also has input into the printed children's literature to a considerable extent, for example, in the popular Mother Goose expenditures: These are collections of traditional nursery rhymes ( nursery rhymes ) that even in the United States find primary education use.
Much of the traditional children's games arrived on the European migration to the U.S., and many of these games are also in German-speaking familiar, such as the game of hide ( Hide and seek ) endeavor, ( day), Plumpsack (Duck Duck Goose ) Leapfrog ( Leapfrog ), hopscotch ( Hopscotch ), skipping (jump rope ), Gummitwist (Chinese jump rope ), Thread Games ( Cat's cradle ), finger games like heaven or hell ( Cootie catcher ), scissors, paper, stone (rock - paper-scissors ) I spy with my little eye (I spy), whispers ( Telephone), father - mother-child role-playing game (House) and doctor Games ( doctor). Others - such as Follow the Leader, Red light / Green light, Simon Says - are largely unknown in Germany. Little known are also some winter games such as the making of a snow angel.
Especially when girls are clapping games popular, - be accompanied by special rhymes (eg Mary Mack ) - as well as the jump rope and hopscotch game. Additional tradition held by the American children's folklore include a children's horror characters like Bloody Mary and the Bogeyman, and traditional children's songs, playground songs (eg, This Old Man, KISSING ), joke songs (eg Comet ), nursery rhymes, counting rhymes, riddles and knock- knock jokes. In Germany, hardly known are also many traditions of American children, such as that of the Opposite Day, that is one proclaimed by children holiday, carried on the unusual clothes and the opposite is said of what is meant.
Among the personalities who have especially contributed to the documentation of the English-speaking children's folklore, including the narrative researchers Iona and Peter Opie, the photographer Roger Mayne, Helen Levitt, David Trainer, Humphrey Spender and Robert Doisneau, and the writer Colin Ward ( The Child In The City, 1978) and Robin Moore. Since 2003, the journal Children's Geographies, dedicated exclusively to this area of research appears in New York.
Occasionally, children's folklore was also the central theme of movies, such as Hue and Cry (GB 1947).