China Southern Airlines
China Southern Airlines (Chinese:中国 南方 航空) is the largest airline in The People 's Republic of China located in Guangzhou and a member of the airline alliance SkyTeam.
China Southern Airlines was established in 1989 after the reorganization of the Chinese aviation. Based in Guangzhou airline relies on modern Western aircraft since inception. So come since 1990, Boeing 737, 757 and 767 are used. Since 1995, the Boeing 777 flying the routes of the China Southern Airlines.
In the general Chinese economic policy, increasingly push forward even in the high-technology areas and to award less work to other countries, also participates China Southern. For example, a 50:50 joint venture with the German MTU Aero Engines was established in 2002 to overhaul the target the engines of the aircraft of China Southern 's fleet in China. With Zhuhai you chose a strategic location, on the one hand in a free trade zone with special government support, on the other hand a close proximity to Hong Kong, a central turning point in Asian air traffic. Meanwhile, there also aggregates of the aircraft being overtaken by other companies, medium to reach market leadership in China with the goal here. In the fall of 2006, the maintenance for the CFM56-3/-5/-7, as well as the V2500 was offered. There are cared for with V2500 engines of this joint venture, now all Chinese airlines.
On 15 November 2007 was admitted to the international airline alliance SkyTeam. On 4 July 2008, a machine of China Southern Airlines landed in Taoyuan and thus opened the first direct connection between mainland China and Taiwan.
China Southern was with 66.3 million passengers in 2009, the largest airline in Asia.
On 14 October 2011, China Southern accepted its first Airbus A380. This is the airline of the world's seventh and the first Chinese operator of the A380. The machine has 506 seats in three classes, of which eight in First Class, 70 in Business Class and 428 in Economy Class.
In addition to numerous Asian destinations served by China Southern Guangzhou from Amsterdam (via Beijing), Paris, Los Angeles, Vienna (only cargo from Shanghai), Sydney and Melbourne. Other destinations in Europe and North America are planned.
As of September 2013 the fleet of China Southern consists of 444 aircraft with an average age of 6.7 years:
- On 2 October 1990, a crashing Boeing 737-200 of Xiamen Airlines collided on the Guangzhou airport with a on the ground waiting for takeoff clearance Boeing 757-200 China Southern Airlines. The Boeing 737 destroyed the right wing and crashed through the cabin of the Boeing 757 by the resulting fire 46 of the 122 passengers aboard were killed, the 12 crew members were unharmed.
- On November 24, 1992 coming from Guangzhou Boeing 737-300 crashed while landing at the airport Guilin Liang Jiang. All 141 persons on board, 131 passengers and 10 crew members were killed.
- On 8 May 1997, there was on the flight 3456 from Chongqing to a crash landing on the Shenzhen airport. The Boeing 737-300 overshot the second attempt under storm conditions the runway after the machine has been damaged by the hard touchdown in a previous landing attempt. Of the 65 passengers and 9 crew members on board were 33 passengers and 2 crew members killed.
- On March 4, 2014 crossed Flight 628 from Tokyo Narita to Shenyang Taoxian the trajectory of a North Korean Scud missile with seven minutes distance.