Christine Lieberknecht

Dear Christine Knecht ( born Deter man, born May 7, 1958 in Weimar ) is a German politician (CDU) and since October 30, 2009 Minister President of the Free State of Thuringia. In addition, it is since 25 October 2009, state chairman of the CDU Thuringia.

She is the first Prime Minister of the CDU, also it is the first prime minister in one of the new federal states.


Youth and Education

Christine Dear servant grew up as the oldest of four siblings on the parsonage of Leutenthal, where her father was Protestant - Lutheran pastor. The father later rose to superintendent. Her mother was a nurse. Dear man was not a member of the Pioneer organization Ernst Thalmann and did not participate in the youth initiation, but later joined the FDJ at.

After graduation in 1976 at the advanced high school " Sophie Scholl " in Bad Berka she studied Protestant theology at the Friedrich -Schiller- University Jena and was socially as honorary secretary of the FDJ theology student ( inn ) en operates. She laid in 1982 with the first theological examination. In the same year she went to a Vicariate in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia. In 1984 she graduated from the second theological examination. Subsequently, she was in charge until 1990 as pastor for the north of Weimar villages Ottmannshausen, Hottelstedt and Stedten am Etter Mountain.

Early political work

Dear servant came in 1981, the CDU of the GDR and worked in it according to the rules of the democratic bloc with. During her time as a pastor in the parish of Weimar from 1984 to 1990 she participated in the events and actions of the Christian Peace Conference ( CFRP).

She was one of the four signatories of the " Letter from Weimar " of 10 September 1989, which was addressed to the party committee and to all district and county boards of the CDU in the GDR and in which the termination of the alliance with the SED was required. In late autumn 1989, she was elected to the party executive of the CDU under the later first democratically elected Prime Minister of the German Democratic Republic, Lothar de Maizière. In the fall of time she became a founding member of the first group of the Young European Federalists in the GDR. From May to August 1990 Dear servant worked in the "Political- Advisory Committee " to prepare the country Thuringia.

Minister in the Thuringian State Government

After the turn and before the restoration of the state of Thuringia with the Länder Act, Christine Dear servant was appointed on 20 January 1990 Deputy Chairman of the CDU state Thuringia. After the CDU victory in the first free parliamentary election in Thuringia (14 October 1990) Dear servant was appointed Minister of Culture of the newly formed CDU / FDP government. One of their first tasks was to transform the education system. In Thuringia in Germany, a new two -tier system with high school and Regular school has been introduced. Thuringia held at Central High School after 12 years.

Since March 19, 1991 Dear servant also belonged to the Thuringian Parliament. She moved by Michael Krapp, who was appointed Secretary of State as head of the Thuringian State Chancellery and therefore resigned his mandate. As against Prime Minister Josef Duchac were allegations that he had worked during the time of the GDR for the Ministry of State Security, dear servant resigned in protest from her ministerial office, and so broke Duchačs resignation on 23 January 1992. On June 20, 1992 Dear servant was also from the post of deputy chairman of the CDU Thuringia. Since then, she was repeatedly co-opted member of the CDU Land Executive Board. Since 25 October 2009 she is chairwoman of the CDU Thuringia.

From 1992 to 1994 Dear servant was under the new Prime Minister Bernhard Vogel Minister for Federal and European Affairs ( Cabinet bird I). In the legislative period 1990-1994 Dear servant was the only female member of the cabinet. After the state elections in Thuringia in 1994 Vogel formed a grand coalition of CDU and SPD and appointed her Minister for Federal Affairs at the State (Cabinet Bird II). This position she held until 1999.

Landtag President and CDU parliamentary leader

In the 1999 state election, the CDU reached the absolute majority of bird. The Cabinet, however, no longer belonged to dear servant. During the third legislature, she served as President of the Thuringian state parliament and gained thereby great respect from the opposition parties, the SPD and PDS. In her role, she swore in 2003 after the resignation of Bernhard Vogel and his successor Dieter Althaus, Office of the Prime Minister. After the state election 2004 Dear servant succeeds the previous CDU parliamentary leader Frank -Michael Pietzsch, who was elected as the new President of the Parliament and in turn took Dear servant succession.

On 8 May 2008, she was sworn in as Minister for Social Affairs, Family and Health in the Cabinet of Dieter Althaus, where they succeeded Klaus toe. Her successor as CDU party leader was Mike Mohring.

State chairman and Prime Minister

After losing the absolute CDU majority in the parliament at the 2009 state election in Thuringia Dieter Althaus resigned as Prime Minister and Chairman of the CDU state. Due to the re-formation of the CDU nominated the Bureau of the State party on September 8, 2009, on the recommendation of Finance Minister Birgit Diezel Christine Dear servant unanimously candidate for the premiership in the event of a possible coalition of CDU and SPD. Diezel himself renounced in favor Dear servant on all rights to the CDU state chairman. On 29 September 2009, the SPD Thuringia decided to open negotiations with the CDU on the formation of a grand coalition and turned against a government also possible coalition with the Left and the Greens. A prime minister Christine Dear servant will fully accepted by the Social Democrats because of their balancing nature.

25 October 2009 Dear servant was elected at a party congress of the CDU with 83.3 percent of the new state chairman. On the same day, both CDU and SPD approved the negotiated between the two parties coalition agreement with large majorities.

On October 30, 2009 Dear servant presented in the Thuringian state parliament to choose the prime minister. In the first and second ballot she received surprisingly only 44 votes; each fell one vote short of an absolute majority. For the third ballot, in which a simple majority was enough for election, a candidate also the top candidate of the left in the regional elections of 2009, Bodo Ramelow. In this ballot Dear servant received 55 votes; thus, she was elected Prime Minister. After Heide Simonis it was nationwide, the second wife and also the first CDU politician, who was Prime Minister of a state.

On 4 November 2009 the Cabinet Ministers were appointed and sworn Dear servant.

A year after her election as Prime Minister Dear servant was confirmed on 13 November 2010 at the CDU regional party in Sömmerda with 79.6 percent as state chairman in office. On November 10, 2012 Dear servant was re-elected at the party convention of the CDU in Seebach with 75.8 percent as state chairman. On August 19, 2013, the lifting of their parliamentary immunity was sought on suspicion of infidelity, after she had previously been combined their State Secretary Peter Zimmermann with pension rights into temporary retirement, although he tried to change his own request on company Unister. On September 11, 2013, the Judiciary Committee of the Thuringian state parliament lifted the immunity Dear servant. On February 3, 2014, Erfurt prosecutor presented their investigations Dear servant, when no reasonable suspicion existed.

On 14 February 2014, it was elected to a national meeting of representatives of the CDU Thuringia by 93.16 percent of the delegates as the top candidate of their party in the state elections in Thuringia in 2014.

Other Features

Christine Dear servant is, inter alia,

  • Deputy. National Chairman of the Protestant Working Group (EWC) of the CDU / CSU,
  • Chairman of the Board of Trustees German unit eV,
  • Board member of the Association for the Promotion of the Foundation for the Preservation of church monuments in Germany e V. - KiBa,
  • President of the National Association Thüringen eV German mountain and hiking clubs in the association,
  • Member of the Board of Trustees of the EKD in preparation for the Reformation Jubilee in 2017 and the Board of Trustees of the International Foundation Martin Luther.
  • Member of the Board of Trustees of the Evangelical Association ProChrist eV


Christine Dear servant lives with her husband, Pastor Martin Dear servant in Ramsla at Weimar. She has two children and four grandchildren.


  • 2006: Faust Order of craftsmen Carnival Society Weimar