The noun sacrum IHS is derived from the transcription of the first two and the last letters of the Greek name of Jesus, iota- eta- sigma- omicron - Wye Sigma or ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, so JESUS , from. The I is the Greek iota, the H and S, the Eta Sigma. To enable the fluent reading of the biblical text, the Latin case ending was frequently appended. So dive in some writings on IHV for Jesus ( genitive and dative ) and IT for Jesus ( accusative ). The same applies for XPC, later XPS ( Chi - Rho Sigma) as shorthand for the Greek form of the word Christ ( Anointed German, Hebrew Mashiach, Messiah Latinized ). When the Jesuits the icon as a short form of Jesus Habemus Socium ( "We have Jesus as companions " ) interpreted.
The IHΣ on the Reformation Wall in Geneva
Mosaic window with the IHS
Egg with the JHS
The IHS with a halo, cross, heart and three nails
IHS entangled in the grave stone gable (Glasgow Necropolis )
Entangled IHS Cross on grave (Glasgow Necropolis )
IHS to a former Jesuit church in Dubrovnik ( Ragusa)
IHS on the Tabernacle in St. George in Hollerberg
IHS in the logo for the Year of Faith 2012/13
IHS in the coat of arms Pope Francis '
With an inscription Peace be with you in the portal of a village church
IHS ( and ihs ) as a short form of the name Jesus can be found very often in Bibles of the Middle Ages and in other places. Until about 1450 the words Jesus and Christ and other nouns sacra were virtually never written out in Bibles and certificates. First, this abbreviation was provided with an overlying cut line, which was then converted to cross later. This short form is used in the Late Middle Ages, the most common use has occurred since it was founded by the Society of Jesus. The monogram is also often found as an ornamental in churches or on vestments.
A popular interpretation of IHS is - among several others - in German also, "Jesus, Savior, Saviour " (see also ICHTHYS ). Also widespread is the Latin reading Jesus Hominum Salvator ( "Jesus, the savior of the people " ), such as those the former Bishop Walter Mixa related as his motto.
In addition, the dream of Emperor Constantine called off the Battle of the Milvian Bridge against Maxentius in 312: In hoc signo vinces ( " In this sign you will conquer "). As the actual Constantinian monogram of Christ is, however, a ligated XP ( monogram of Christ ) or XPI ( for Chi -Rho - Iota ) considered, which is then to be found very often in early Christianity.
In older ( medieval ) spellings are missing other attributes, even the cross, which is sometimes also indicated by a dash in the left (higher) vertical bar of the "H " at fracture. Later, the monogram seems to have been extended to such. Hypothetically, is sometimes thought that the "V" under the IHS has been set. Usually nails are there but to find what would correspond to a reinterpretation of the V, and the number increased to three - for the crucifixion of at least three nails were needed - and provided with a heart or other attributes, which exist in many representations of farmhouses, can be seen in churches and other places. So should the house be inscribed in a circle to interpret Hoexter and at an altar in Kenzingen.
These symbols were again occasionally reinterpreted; so be with the Jesuits in places the three nails as symbols of the three basic vows of poverty, celibacy and obedience interpreted.
Typical of the late Middle Ages is the attachment of Jesus monogram in a halo, which symbolizes emanating from the body of Christ shine.
The abbreviation IHS or JHS played in the name of devotion to the Sacred an important role for the Franciscan Bernardine of Siena began in the 15th century. In this context, it later came the introduction of the name of Jesus - fest.