Chumphon ( Thai: ชุมพร ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Chumphon.
- 2.1 Data
- 2.2 Land Use
The Chumphon province is located on the Gulf of Thailand and includes part of the Isthmus of Kra, which represents the topographically narrowest point of the Malay Peninsula 40 kilometers of coastline distance. Here, then, the land between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean is the shortest. In the south and east are lowlands with extensive orchards. In the higher areas of the West are some ore mines and mostly unexplored caves and grottos.
Chumphon has a 222 km long coastline, which is accompanied by numerous large and small islands and reefs. The white sandy beach is often limited to small coconut palm forests.
The climate is tropical and monsunal, here is already the northeast monsoon to feel, so most rainfall typically fall from November to January. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 34.8 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 19.4 ° C. At 163 days of rain fell in the same year 1617.2 mm of precipitation.
Economic importance and
Chumphon living from agriculture, which is mainly operated here as a fruit growing. About half of the territory is suitable for agriculture, almost 10% is classified as forest. It is situated next to coffee plantations also larger acreage for palm oil. In addition, there are rich fishing on the coast.
The table below shows the "Gross Provincial Product" (GPP - gross domestic product) by sector in million Baht at the prevailing market price.
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 830 502 rai ( 519.1 km ²), 22.1 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 2.34295 million Rai ( 1464.3 km ²), 62.4 % of the total
- Not classified area: 582 179 rai ( 363.9 km ²), 15.5 % of the total
The territory of the Chumphon Province has been inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by findings that are now in the National Museum Chumphon. During the Empire of Tambralinga (about 7th century ) and later in the Kingdom of Ligor (today Nakhon Si Thammarat ) Chumphon was one of the twelve tributary cities. In the Kingdom of Ayutthaya was an important southern province of Chumphon, in the multiple troops were dug to defend against the threat posed by the Burmese. During the Thesaphiban management reform of Prince Damrong Rajanubhab Chumphon in 1896 part of the Monthon Chumphon year. He summed up the provinces of Chumphon, Chaiya, Kanchanadit (now Amphoe Kanchanadit ) and Lang Suan (now Amphoe Lang Suan ) together. The administration was initially located in Chumphon, but was relocated in 1905 to Bandon. When the province was renamed in 1915 in Chaiya Surat Thani, Chumphon was renamed the Monthon Monthon Surat. In 1926 it was the Monthon Nakhon Si Thammarat subordinate. The Lang Suan province was incorporated in 1932 in Chumphon.
1989 directed devastating floods after a typhoon to great damage in many parts of the province.
- ( See entry in Chumphon )
- Tham Pisadahn - stalactite cave, about 50 km north of the provincial capital
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province shows an angel who blesses the people. The angel stands between two fig trees (Ficus racemosa ) on a pedestal. The fig tree is also the local tree, the local flower is the Indian Canna ( Canna indica).
The motto of the province of Chumphon is ( ประตู สู่ ภาค ใต้ ไหว้ เสด็จในกรม ฯ ชม ไร่ กาแฟ แล หาด ทราย รี ดี กล้วย เล็บ มือ ขึ้น ชื่อ รัก นก ) :
The province consists of 8 districts ( Amphoe ), which further into 70 communes ( tambon) and 674 villages ( Muban ) are divided.
In the province there are two cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Lang Suan ( เทศบาล เมือง หลังสวน ) and Chumphon ( เทศบาล เมือง ชุมพร ).
In addition, there are 13 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).