The Churrigueresque is a named after the Spanish architect and sculptor José Benito de Churriguera and his brothers Iberian variety of late - Baroque in the period from about 1690 to 1750.
The churriguereske style is characterized mainly by the logical negation of the principles of load and support and by the concealment of classical architectural elements ( column, capitals, pilasters, lintels, etc.). This results in a seemingly without rules, overweight, small-scale and everything encroaching decor that is mainly found in altarpieces and other similar forms of portal facades. The Churrigueresque has its roots in the stagnant between late - Gothic and Renaissance Plateresque and its early form, the Isabelline style.
Characteristics are especially twisted column shafts (, Solomonic columns ') and standing on the top and interrupted by other decorative obelisk -like pilasters.
- Altarpiece in the Convento de San Esteban, Salamanca (draft 1692 )
- Palace of the banker Goyeneche, Nuevo Baztán, Madrid (1709-1713)
- Portal facade of Real Hospicio de San Fernando, Madrid ( 1725 )
- Bridge pieces on the Puente de Toledo, Madrid ( 1725 )
- Plaza Mayor, Salamanca (around 1725-1730 )
- Coro New Cathedral, Salamanca (1730-1740)
- Portal facade of the Monte de Piedad, Madrid ( 1733)
- Portal facade of the Monasterio de Uclés ( 1735 )
However, his heyday was the churriguereske style in the churches and monasteries of the Spanish and Portuguese colonial Baroque in Central and South America, where Native American decor delight style sometimes enriched. Particularly noteworthy is the church of Santa Prisca in Taxco Mexican Silver City.