Cinderella ( Cinderella at Bechstein ) is a European cultural space widespread fairy tale character who is remembered in German-speaking mainly by the collection of fairy tales by the Brothers Grimm. The tale is one of fairy tale type 510a by Aarne and Thompson. It is available in children's and Household Tales of the Brothers Grimm in place 21 (KHM 21) and goes through oral transmission on Charles Perrault's Cendrillon ou la Petite Pantoufle de verre ( Cinderella or the little glass slipper ) from 1697 back. Ludwig Bechstein took it over in his German book of fairy tales as Cinderella (1845 No. 70, 1853 No. 62). Perrault's version with the turned in dapple gray mice and the pumpkin, which is using the Fairy to the coach, significantly shaping Walt Disney's animated film Cinderella of 1950.
Summary by the Brothers Grimm
The young daughter of a rich merchant grows on well cared for until about half a year after the death of her mother, her father marries a widow who brings two daughters into the house. Stepmother and stepsisters make the girl through every way imaginable life difficult. Because it does not only make dirt can work, but from now on also sleep in the ashes next to the stove, the girl called Cinderella.
When the father wants to travel to a distant fair again, he asks the three girls, what he should bring back for them. While the stepsisters require beautiful dresses, pearls and precious stones, to Cinderella wants only a small branch of hazel twig, poking her father on the way back to the hat. This hazel twig planted Cinderella at the grave of the mother, and he grows into a shrub ( in fairy tales: beautiful tree ), the Cinderella can sue their suffering. If Cinderella weeps and prays there, appear on the trees, a white bird, which met her some desire.
The king soon can align it to his castle a three-day festival, to which all young women of the country are invited to allow his son to choose a wife. The stepmother and vain stepsisters do not want Cinderella also takes part in the festival, although it asks for it. The stepmother gives her on instead of reading lenses from the ashes (for sorting ). This is achieved with the help of Cinderella called in by her doves: " ... the good into the pot, the bad into the crop "
Despite the release of the task set you retain the stepmother continue participating on the ball on the grounds that Cinderella had no suitable clothes, and moved with her biological daughters go. Now Cinderella rushes to the mother's grave. Again, it is the white bird that Cinderella a gorgeous dress and embroidered with silk and silver slippers throws down.
Cinderella sets clothes, running to hard and mixes unrecognized among the guests. The prince falls in love with the girl and wants to know who this beautiful stranger - but twice succeeds Cinderella to escape him. The third time she loses one of her golden slippers on the time smeared with pitch lock staircase, and the lovers can look after the Virgin, which fits this slipper so that he could lead them home as a bride. He also asks Cinderella's father, but his daughter did not recognize, though he wondered after that dance evening whether it could probably have been Cinderella.
The king's son also investigating in the Father's house. The two stepsisters try in vain to pull the dainty shoes on their feet. On the advice of the mother towards the first big toe cut off and the second heel. In passing ride at the grave of fraud, however, revealed both times by two doves from the hazel-tree: " Turn and peep, turn and peep di, blood within the shoe (shoe)! The shoe is too small, the true bride waits for you. "
Cinderella, the only one that fits the shoe, is finally recognized as a true bride.
Compared to the original version of 1812, which ends with the recognition of the right bride, the brothers Grimm expand in the version of 1819 fairytale about Cinderella's wedding with the prince. Besides getting the stepsisters, Cinderella accompany unsolicited to the church, their just punishment by them two doves peck out his eyes. About the fate of the wicked stepmother is reported in any version of the tale, also in the collection of Ludwig Bechstein, where the story is reproduced in abbreviated form without serious deviations from the version of the Brothers Grimm.
- Stamps of the vintage 1965, the German Federal Post Office Berlin
Cinderella receives her prom dress out of a tree.
Cinderella leaves the castle and loses a shoe.
The prince leads Cinderella home as his bride.
Summary by Perrault
A crucial and clearly sculptured motif in Perrault 's Cendrillon that must return before midnight, otherwise goes by the spell.
Cendrillon is considered as most beautiful on the ball and is not recognized by the stepsisters. Is on the second ball evening when Cendrillon spruced up even more magnificent, they almost missed the midnight rushes out at the first stroke of the bell, losing one of her glass shoes, not the back transformed. Now can the Prince across the country announce that he wants to marry only the girl who fits the shoe. He hired a courtier to make the fitting. The two stepsisters fail in the attempt, while the shoe fits Cendrillon. Now She pulls the second shoe from his pocket. At this moment, the fairy is added and transformed Cendrillons kitchen smock in the splendid clothing.
A punishment of the stepsisters were made, as Cendrillon forgives them. On the day of Cendrillons wedding with the Prince, the stepsisters with two distinguished gentlemen are married by the Court.
Origin and development of the fairy tale
Like other fairy tale Cinderella as an archetype has a long history behind it. Thus, the first traces of the ancient Greeks and Romans (Find Rhodopis ), in the Chinese Empire of the 9th century ( Youyang zazu ); in Persia, especially in the late 12th century in the written by Nezami Seven Beauties, also called The Seven Princesses, there are preformulations the Cinderella motif. Even with the Native Americans, there is this fairy tale motif. After Ulf Diederichs there are no less than 400 circulating versions of the tale.
The effect and further narrative of the fairy tale motif of Cinderella is literary complex. Find More specifically, in the literature of German, English, Russian and French Romanticism and in the literature of international style story -determining symbolism to Cinderella - as many fairy tale motifs - interesting combinations and Appeals. In particular, Pushkin, Novalis, Tieck, Brentano, Eichendorff, ETA Hoffmann, Hans Christian Andersen, Tennyson, Wilde, Mallarmé, Maeterlinck and Hofmannsthal be mentioned. Explicitly, the subject of Cinderella for example, Christian Dietrich Grabbe at the Cinderella in 1835 he published, go to Robert Walser is used in its 1901 published in The Island Dramolett Cinderella. The Russian poet Yevgeny Lvovitch Black wrote in the thirties of the 20th century fairytale play titled Cinderella.
The central images of the tale are the pigeons, the shoes and in most variants, the hazelnuts or hazelnut tree. The pigeons are the traditional attendants of Aphrodite since Greek antiquity. The image of the nut and the nut cracked as a metaphor consummate knowledge - this meaning of the image of the hazelnut is connected in the Dutch still -life painting with this knowledge sense.
Reduced and trivialized to the basic motive of the fairy tale to an unhappy Asked in life heroine who is hoping for the love of a prince, in combination with a moral that good is always rewarded, so there are continuations of Cinderella in the popular literature such as at Marlitt and Hedwig Courths Mahler.
Wilhelm Salber looks hyperexcitability with deprivation feeling and Häßlichkeits ideas, while the insgeheimen hope, life will settle everything and begin sometime actually. The distribution of the polarities of over- peacefulness and hostility to counterparties to organize the unrest, which yet again sparked a new beginning.
See Giambattista Basile in Penta Meron I, 6 The ash cat, III, 10, the three fairies. See The Garden in the fountain, to the feasts and the Rose Queen in Ludwig Bechstein's Deutsches storybook from 1845.
- A frequently cited in the vernacular phrase from the tale is: The good into the pot, the bad into the crop.
- As Cinderella is unobtrusive, colorless young girl is colloquially referred to, see wallflower.
Cultural History About formations
The story of Cinderella has numerous dramas, operas and a number of works of fine art and movies inspired, among other things: