The Cishan culture (Chinese磁 山 文化, pinyin Cishan wenhua, English Cishan Culture) is an after the site Cishan (city Wu'an (武安市), Hebei Province, North China) named early Neolithic culture. The Cishan - site is the eponymous locality and was discovered in 1973. The culture was distributed mainly in the southern part of Hebei Province.
According to radiocarbon dating it is dated to the period of about 5400-5100 BC. By and large, the whole they Peiligang culture is similar, their cultural forms are used relatively close. Sometimes the two cultures are also referred to as Cishan - Peiligang culture or Peiligang - Cishan culture.
Agriculture was already developed in some storage pits was piled millet (more precisely, foxtail millet, Chinese xiǎomǐ; foxtail millet engl. ) Discovered, which means that agriculture has already been operated in ziemlichem extent. At pets pigs and dogs were bred probably chickens. The gathering, fishing and hunting also had a very large proportion.
To tools mainly polished stone tools were used, including for the processing of the cereals a pasture leaf-shaped saddle mill ( shímòpán ) as well as stone sickles. The firing temperature of pottery was relatively low, at vessel forms include the three-legged clay pot ( bō钵), shell ( wǎn碗) and the Zweiösenkrug ( shuāngěrhú双耳 壶) encountered. Also clay ding- vessels were discovered. Water heating techniques occur already, what marks the beginning of cooking in clay pots. The drinking and eating was already from different utensils.
The Cishan - site (磁 山 遗址, Cishan yízhǐ ) Open since 1988 on the list of monuments of the People's Republic of China ( 3-188 ).