The municipality covers about 24 km ². The community is located about 48 km north of Perugia in the climatic classification of Italian communities in the zone E, 2277 GR / G. It belongs to the community The most beautiful villages in Italy (I più belli d' Italia borghi ). The municipality borders on the Tiber River, which serves as the border of Tuscany and their community Sansepolcro in the northeast of the community. In addition, the town is located on the rivers and Cerfone Sovara. The town itself can be accessed through two gates. The Porta Romana is located south of the town walls, the Porta Fiorentina is the northern gate.
Among the districts ( Frazioni ) include Fighille and Pistrino.
The place was called by the Romans Civitas Sobariae and Castrum Citernae. Under the Lombards, the place was already designed as a fortress. After that, the first place was under the Ghibelline Arezzo, then the Guelph Città di Castello and the Marchesi del Colle to 1199th From the 13th century the town was under the families of Tarlati di Pietra Mala and the Malatesta. 1463 went to Citerna Papal State, who gave him to the Medici family loyal Vitelli of Città di Castello.
- Chiesa di San Michele Arcangelo church from 1682nd Contains the work of Niccolò Crocifissione Circignani, called Il Pomarancio ( 1570 originated ).
- Chiesa di San Michele Arcangelo church in the district Fighille. Was completed in the 13th century.
- Chiesa di San Francesco, the Church from the year 1316, which was restored in 1508. If the the work attributed to Luca Signorelli Madonna with Child, San Francesco, San Michele Arcangelo e due Santi, the work Deposition of Pomarancio and images of Raffaellino del Colle.
- Chiesa di Santa Maria church in the district Pistrino