The term classical music is not unique. Depending on context, it can have different meanings.
Classical music is often used as a summary term for the European musical tradition of art music. This includes several periods, one of which in turn is called classical music:
- Early Music Music of the Middle Ages (also Early Music, from the High Gothic period, about 13-14 c.)
- Renaissance Music (15th -16th centuries )
- Baroque music (ca. 1600-1750 )
- Early classical period (ca. 1730-1770 )
- Viennese Classical (ca. 1770 to 1830, ie about until the death of Franz Schubert and Ludwig van Beethoven)
In the same direction, the term e- music (" classical music ") die (" entertainment music " ) is contrasted with the underground music goes. This distinction is no longer common today.
Even in non-Western musical cultures we speak of classical music to delineate older traditions of the modern popular music, such as classical Arabic music, classical Turkish music, Indian classical music, classical Chinese music.
Classic can be used as an adjective for the music of the classical era ( early classical and Viennese classicism, see above).
With classic, the classic instruments can be meant, in contrast to the electronically enhanced pop music. In this case also popular forms such as dance music, brass band or the upscale entertainment music for classical music be expected.