With closed vowel vowels are meant those in which the mouth is opened least of all vowels. The angle of the jaw is small, the tongue occupies a high position.
"Ü" - - the " i" as " closed" and " u " sounds referred to as the "a " sounds are some of the open vowels. The term closed vowel corresponds to the concept of high vowel. Between "closed" and "open", the mean vowels spoken accordance with an average mouth opening. In the mid vowels can also distinguish between half-closed and half-open vowels.
German examples for closed vowels
Closed vowels are:
- [ ɪ ] ( briefly) in " suffered "
- [i] (short) in " binary"
- [i ː ] ( long) in "Song " and the
- [ ʏ ] ( briefly) in " know "
- [y ] ( briefly) in "Physics "
- [ y: ] ( long) in " desert "
- [ ʊ ] ( briefly) in "addiction"
- [ u] ( briefly) in " accommodating "
- [u ː ] ( long) in "searches ".
The short vowels are [i ], [ y] and [u ] restricted to foreign words; they are described as tense (English tense ) in contrast to the native short vowels [ ɪ ], [ ʏ ] and [ ʊ ], the (English lax ) are correspondingly unstrung. Comparing carefully about the stem vowel of the words " know ", " physics " and " desert ", the difference between these sounds is comprehensible.