Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla is occurring in almost all of Europe Species from the family of the spring moths ( Pterophoridae ).
- 4.1 Synonyms
- 5.1 Notes and references
The moths are colored orange brown and reach a wingspan of 18-26 millimeters. The front wings are two-fold, cut the hind wings three times. An angled transverse band is located at the base of the front wing incision. The last binding is provided with a black border. The palps are short and slender and have a highly -trained base segment. The antennae are ringed white and brown. The first third of the back is white.
Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla is widely distributed in the Holarctic, one exception is the high north. The distribution area extends from Portugal, Spain and France in the west over the Mediterranean, Asia Minor and Eastern Europe to Korea and Japan in the east. On the Indian subcontinent, the species is also based. In the Nearctic it is found in Canada and the United States. The presence of the species, however, does not follow the distribution of their food plants, there seems to be a correlation between the spread and the lime content in the soil to survive.
Way of life
The caterpillars feed on various rose species such as the dog rose (Rosa canina ), the burnet rose ( Rosa spinosissima ) and other kinds of roses, among which are also cultured species. In Japan, the caterpillars have been on a wild rose ( Rosa rugosa ) were observed. The caterpillars hatch in the fall and eat first in a loose cocoon at the tips of the shoots. First, young leaves are eaten, in later stages of caterpillars also flower buds and flowers. Adult animals pupate in the same year, during the winter are not fully grown within stems and continue the development from May to June. Pupation takes place on the host plant under silk threads. During the day the moths are quite sluggish and difficult to rouse. They are usually found resting in the herb layer, while they sit on the first two pairs of legs, the last pair is stretched backward and rests against the body.
It makes one generation per year, which flies from June to August. The moths are nocturnal and are attracted by the light.
The following synonyms have been described in the literature:
- Alucita rhododactyla Denis & Schiffer Müller, 1775
- Platyptilia koreana Matsumura, 1931
- Cnaemidophorus rhododactylus ( Denis & Schiffer Müller, 1775)