A Coach ( Swiss High German Car or Autocar ) is a bus, which only has seats. For coaches, it is in the context of EU Directive 2001/ 85 of the EC in November 2001, for vehicles in " Class 3 ", ie to " vehicles that seated solely for transporting passengers are built. "
Modern coaches usually have 6 - or 8 - cylinder diesel engines with one or two turbochargers, up to 16 liters, a peak power up to 375 kW and 6 -, 8 -, 12 - or 16 -speed transmission. Today's features are as ABS, ASR, wear-free auxiliary brake, lane departure warning and adaptive cruise control. Seat belts are now available for each seating position in vehicles newly registered provision.
A coach today costs depending on the construction and equipment between € 250,000 and € 600,000.
Coaches have - compared with urban or regional buses - additional facilities for long trips, such as (but not necessarily ) include:
- Head restraints for all passengers
- Comfortable seats ( back in sleeping position adjustable), armrests, reclining seats for night driving
- Folding tables at each seat
- Cup holders
- Kitchen for entertaining passengers, sometimes a bar or bistro
- Storage for hand luggage
- Safety devices of various kinds (seat belts, retarder, ESP, ABS ... )
- One or more large baggage compartments in the floor of the bus
- Anti-fog double glazing
- Toilet facility (usually under the floor at the exit, formerly at the rear)
- A seat next to the driver and a tour guide / passenger
- Curtains at each window seat and reading light for each seat
- Microphone for explanations
- Radio system, video system
- DVD player with headphone jack
- Screen at each seat
- Air conditioning
- Often also GPS navigation and associated directions
The size of single deck coaches may be from about 30 to about 59 places. Modern coaches are often a high wing or biplane. Modern double-decker can carry 70 persons or more. With the increased height, the passengers get a better view, which is especially for city tours of advantage. Moreover, this remains below the passenger deck storage space for luggage.
Coaches are classified in Germany with a " star system " drawn up by Buskomfort eV (similar to hotels). The classification depends on the seat dividers ( seat pitch) and other comforts criteria.