Coat of arms of Serbia
The coat of arms of Serbia represents a white cross in the shape of a Greek cross with four arms of equal length on a red shield represents ( the so-called Serbian cross), with four fire steels that are similar to the Cyrillic letter C (= S lat ) look like. This was taken from the Byzantine. Reinterpreted as letters they are today as a monogram for Serbia (Cyrillic Cрбиja ) or as a shorthand for the Serbian national motto Samo sloga Srbina spasava (Cyrillic Само слога Србина спасава, German unity saves the Serbs Only ) interpreted.
The white double-headed eagle appears in Serbia earlier than in the 12th century by Stefan Nemanja. Older documents are not known. However, the color of the double eagle was not precisely defined, so it was shown later under the Nemanjic both in white, yellow (golden ), red and black. The conventional wisdom according to which historian Stefan Nemanja mimicked simply by the Byzantine Empire. In the Byzantine Empire was the double eagle for imperial unity and ecumenism of East and West as well as the unity of the heavenly with the earthly world, he was also an imperial symbol and only reserved for the emperors. With the acquisition of the double eagle Nemanja should have symbolized that he has seen no less than the Byzantine emperor. In the 15th century, the double-headed eagle crystallizes in white on a red field, a coat of arms of Serbia. In recent history, the double-headed eagle became the official state emblem of Serbia with the proclamation of the Kingdom of Serbia in 1882. The white ( heraldic silver ) Double Eagle is shown together with the Serbian cross on the chest and also on a red shield.
The so-called Serbian cross appears for the first time under Stefan Lazarević despot after his consecration by the Byzantine emperor 1402. Some historians are of the opinion that this symbol has been previously used by the Mrnjavčević, but there are for this thesis not historically relevant evidence. The emblem of the Byzantine Emperor the Palaiologos dynasty were the letters B as an abbreviation for Βασιλεύς Βασιλέων Βασιλεύων Βασιλευόντων, the King of kings ruled over the kings. In Serbia under Stefan Lazarević, the letter B were to letter C ( Cyrillic S) and are for Serbia, or more likely simply have been for Stefan. Later, the letter was interpreted as the first letter for Serbia, and from the 18th century, even as fire iron ( see above), after the French heraldist Vuitton, who just saw fire iron in the form of letters. Vuitton's interpretation was adopted by the European heraldry; Serbia in the 19th century, then the dilemma was solved so that the letters would have the form of fire iron. Also from the 19th century comes the motto Samo sloga Srbina spasava, Only Eintracht saves the Serbs. He came from reconnaissance and national champion of Serbs in Vojvodina Svetozar Miletic, who ended his speeches with the words: Složno Braco, samo složno! Samo sloga Srbina spasava! Peaceful, brothers, only peaceful! Only unity saves the Serbs!
Coat of Arms Description
Blazon: On a red heraldic shield with a silver double-headed eagle with golden arms, which has a red, geviertes by a silver Greek Cross escutcheon on the breast. In the four fields with a stylized silver (S) in Cyrillic letters C ( = Lat S). Below the eagle catches per a golden lily. On the shield a golden crown with the orb in the crown tip. An ermine- lined coat of arms coat with golden fringe edge and the same crown as on the shield decorate the total coat of arms.
The cross is a symbol of the Serbian people, the eagle as a symbol of the Serbian state. Is interesting to note that the Republic of Serbia, Georgia and Hungary similar to the coat of arms of a kingdom lead (in the case of Serbia coat of arms coat and royal crown from the time the house Obrenović ).
Coat of arms of Serbia
Historic Coat of Arms
Serbia 15th century
Principality of Serbia 1835-1882
Kingdom of Serbia 1882-1918
Coat of arms of the Yugoslav kingdom 1918-1941
Under the Wehrmacht occupation, puppet regime under General Nedić 1941-1945
Serbian coat of arms in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1945-1991
Coat of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro 1992-2003 2003-2006
Coat of Arms of Serbia in version 2004-2010
Small coat of arms of Serbia in version 2004-2010