The worm seed trees ( Cochlospermum ) are a genus of flowering plants in the family of Annattogewächse ( Bixaceae ) within the order of Malvenartigen ( Malvales ). According to some authors it is also available as part of the small family of Cochlospermaceae. Of the twelve species have four their home in the Neotropics, five in Africa, two in Australia, and only one in Asia.
The species are trees, shrubs or subshrubs. They are mostly deciduous broadleaf, evergreen rare and contain a yellow, orange or red latex. Some species have a strong odor. The alternate, stalked leaves are three to nine pieces palmately incised or divided.
The hermaphrodite, radial symmetry flowers are four - or fünfzählig. There are two Blütenhüllblattkreise available. There are many (15 to 100) free, fertile stamens present. Three to five carpels are fused into a superior ovaries. They form three to fünfklappige fruit capsules with many (20 to 100) oil-bearing seeds.
In the genus of worm seed trees ( Cochlospermum ) there are about twelve species:
- Cochlospermum codinae Eichler
- Cochlospermum insigne A.St. - Hil.
- Cochlospermum orinocense ( Kunth ) Steud.
- Cochlospermum planchonii
- Cochlospermum religiosum
- Cochlospermum tinctorium
- Cochlospermum vitifolium ( Willd.) Spreng.
- Cochlospermum fraseri
- Description in the Western Australian flora. (English )