Codex Alimentarius Austriacus
The Austrian Codex Alimentarius (Austrian Food Code, ÖLMB ) is used for announcement of property names, definitions, study methods, and assessment principles and guidelines for the " production and marketing of goods " and may be published in electronic form ( § 76 Food Safety and Consumer Protection Act - LMSVG, Federal Law Gazette I No. 13/2006 as amended).
The Austrian Food Code is to be classified in legal terms as " objectified expert opinion ". There is no legislation in the strict sense.
To advise the minister responsible in matters of all food regulations, including hygiene standards, and to prepare the ÖLMB ( Austrian Codex Alimentarius ) a Commission (Codex Commission) is set up. According to § 77 LMSVG the members sit next to the staff of the Federal Ministry of Health ( Austria ) ( BMG) and the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES ), or the Food Control authorities of the Länder and the legitimate according to § 73 LMSVG food expert of representatives
- Certain federal ministries: Federal Ministry of Justice
- Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
- Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection
- Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth
- Federal Ministry of Finance
And representatives of the relevant sciences together. Their activity is voluntary.
The Codex Commission operates according to a regulation adopted by the Federal Ministry of Health in accordance with § 77 para 8 LMSVG Rules.
For technical support and preparation of its decisions is where the Codex Committee, sub-committees and working groups to prepare the participation of experts Codex chapter, policies, guidelines and recommendations. These will be submitted after consultation with the Coordinating Committee of the plenary meeting of the Codex Committee for approval and published by the Federal Minister of Health adopted as standard. Task of the Coordinating Committee is to review designs overlap with existing Codex texts and for compliance with the relevant legislation.
The Codex goes back to the year 1891. On October 12 in 1891 in the kk Academy of Sciences under the chairmanship of Prof. Ernst Ludwig a meeting held by food chemists and microscopists in which the course was set for the establishment of a scientific commission to draw up the Austrian Codex Alimentarius. The constituted on October 13, 1891 Scientific Commission for the creation of the Austrian Codex Alimentarius created up to their last meeting, which was held on 15 April 1898 21 draft Codex chapter. This forum, which compiled the first approach for the Codex, consisted of chemists and representatives of related sciences. There were, however, included no representatives of any economic or other interest groups.
Due to the increasing pressure of the economy, the Codex Commission was officially constituted in the Ministry of the Interior on April 10, 1907.
Between 1911 and 1917 the First Edition of the ÖLMB ( Austrian Codex Alimentarius ) was published in three volumes and comprised 55 chapters. The Chairman of the Codex Committee was Councilor Franz Wilhelm Ritter von Dafert Senseltimmer.
The Interior Ministry has formulated this in the introduction adopting the goals of the Codex. These are still valid today and denominated in the former formulation: The Codex is to
Due to the strong changes of goods during and after the first World War, a new edition was initiated in 1921 by the Federal Ministry of Social Administration. The economy was very important to promote the new edition of the Codex. So the food industry in 1923 and 1924 even the Federal Ministry of Social Administration supported financially in the years of inflation for the Codex activities after due to the budgetary constraints of the state, the financial basis for Codex work was no longer guaranteed. The Second edition comprised 48 chapters that were published 1926-1938.
The Codex was used by the courts as a reference, starting with the decision of the Supreme Court SSt 16/36, after which the Codex neither law nor regulation strength, but probably the court against the importance of an expert opinion zukomme (incoming semester 38/36 ).
During the 2nd World War, the German food law was.
After the 2nd World War, the Codex Commission was reconstituted under the chairmanship of Franz Zaribnicky ( Head of the Chair for Milk Hygiene at the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna).
In 1950, the Food Act was amended so that the Codex and the Codex Commission, a legal basis was created for the first time. In this amendment, the composition of the Commission was regulated. Chairman, who constituted in March 1951 Commission was Hans Frenzel. The main problem was with the publication of the III. Edition of ÖLMB begun.
In 1953, the Lebensmittelkontrollore and study institutions were obliged to comply with the Code by decree of the Federal Ministry of Social Administration.
Between 1963 and 1967, the Codex Commission could not would be convened because the three chambers (Chamber of Labour, Chamber of Agriculture and Commerce ) could not agree on the person of the one, you are entitled by law, certified food chemist in the Codex Commission. During this time the public concerned was out clearly in mind what problems may arise if the Codex Commission is no longer available as a platform to argue out of difficulties encountered in the food traffic.
With the Food Act 1975, the tasks of the Codex Committee have been expanded. In addition to its task of publishing the ÖLMB she was also on the advisory board of the competent Federal Minister.
After the accession of Austria to the EU (1995 ) and the associated adoption of EU food law provisions of the Codex was adjusted accordingly. Due to the legal framework was transferred to publish Codex results in the form of directives, guidelines and recommendations.
The Codex documents to be the " general business practice " to food and has the legal meaning of " objectified expert opinion " (OGH, April 9, 1991, ÖBl 1991, 232; Supreme Court, May 13, 1997 ÖBl 1998, 17). Any further significance attaches to it.
After the entry into force of LMSVG in 2006, with the circle of Representatives was expanded in the Codex Commission once again to demand the ÖLMB began in the Fourth Edition.
The ÖLMB is constantly updated, and existing chapters are revised in light of the new valid legal way.
The Austrian Codex Alimentarius was a pioneering work and became the model for the later Codex Alimentarius europaeus, which in turn had a significant influence on the introduction of the global Codex Alimentarius, which is now a standard work of the Food and Agriculture Organization and World Health Organization.
In Germany there is a similar facility: the German Food Code. It consists of a collection of " guiding principles " to the main food groups.