The Coesfeld is located in Münster land in the north of the federal state of North Rhine -Westphalia. It belongs to the administrative district of Münster and is a member of the Regional Association of Westphalia -Lippe. Seat of the District is the city Coesfeld.
- 3.1 District
- 3.2 Kreistag
- 3.3 Member of Parliament
- 3.4 Coat of Arms
- 3.5 flag
- 4.1 Economics 4.1.1 Labour Market
- 4.2.1 Railway
- 4.2.2 motorways
- 4.2.3 Aerodrome
- 5.1 Newspapers
- 5.2 Radio
- 6.1 Outline of the old Coesfeld to 1974
The Coesfeld lies entirely within the Munster country. The highest point of the circular region and the country Muenster is 187 meters above sea level on Longinusturm in the tree mountains.
Neighboring districts or urban -
The Coesfeld bordered to the north by the district of Steinfurt, in the east on the district- free city Münster ( Westphalia ) and the district of Warendorf, on the south by the district-free city Hamm and Unna district and in the west to the counties Recklinghausen and Borken.
After the withdrawal of the French troops in 1813 and the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the present district became part of the Prussian province of Westphalia. 1816 was the administrative divisions in the districts Coesfeld and Luedinghausen in the governmental district of Münster. First District Administrator of Coesfeld was Clemens Maria Franz von Bonninghausen, the district administration office was his private house, the house Darup to Darup.
1832 Havixbeck was reclassified from Coesfeld in the district of Münster. The circle was divided until 1843 into the eight mayors Billerbeck, Buldern, Coesfeld, Dülmen, Gescher, holders, Osterwick and Rorup. The first circle constitutional law was the district regulations from the year 1827. Were given the counties, however, no real self-government. The sized circuit days had only an advisory role.
With the introduction of rural community - Regulations for the Province of Westphalia, the mayors were converted into offices in 1843 and 1844. The circle was then divided into the following departments and towns:
The cities Coesfeld, Dülmen and holders remained amt free.
With the district regulations of 1886, then came the self-administration, the administrative body was the county committee. 1933, the government decision jurisdiction of the district committee was awarded the land councils under the National Socialist dictatorship. The district committee had only a consultative role, although the district regulations of 1886 still applied until the end of World War II.
Beginning in 1945, the British military government was responsible for the development of local self-government laws to April 1, 1946 new rules with partially fundamental changes went into effect. Instead of the chief administrative officer of the Chief Administrative Officer, headed the administration as a municipal official. The District Administrator as Chairman of the County Council stood by him voluntarily.
The introduced after formation of the State of North Rhine -Westphalia breakdown of counties in offices and office belonging to communities as well as office -free communities was maintained up to municipal restructuring. The 1816 formed counties Coesfeld and Luedinghausen had to municipal reorganization in 1975 largely stock. Only the community Havixbeck was submitted in 1832 to the county and the city of Münster and the office holders in 1929 the district of Recklinghausen.
The municipal reorganization itself was carried out from 1967 to 1975 in two steps. First, the community areas and their boundaries were redefined, then the circles with effect 1 January 1975 newly formed. The circle Luedinghausen was thereby dissolved on 31 December 1974 and substantially added to the Coesfeld. In addition, the communities Nottuln with Appelhülsen and Schapdetten and Havixbeck were Hohenholte and Bösensell (formerly Office Roxel ) from the former county of Münster added to the Coesfeld. At the same time Coesfeld gave the city Gescher to the new district of Borken.
With the change of district regulations in May 1994 were more significant changes for the circles in force. The introduced since the end of World War II " dual leadership " was abolished. Since then, the district or the district administrator presides over the meetings of council and district committee representing the circle and are head of the district administration. He is elected / she directly by citizens and citizen of the circle. In addition, there is a council appointed by the general representative.
District since 1 October 2004 Konrad Püning ( CDU). He was re-elected on 30 August 2009 on the first ballot with 63.3 % of votes.
The council of the circle Coesfeld has been committed to the local elections on 30 August 2009 as follows:
Member of Parliament
In the federal election on September 27, 2009 Karl Schiewerling won (CDU ) with 50.8 % (2005: 51.6 %) of the primary vote again the direct mandate in the constituency 128 ( Coesfeld / Steinfurt II), to which the entire Coesfeld and three municipalities in the district of Steinfurt include ( Old mountains, Laer and Northern Forest ). For the SPD Angelica Schwall - Düren Metelen over the national list is drawn back into the Bundestag. On 15 July 2010 she retired from the Bundestag since she was appointed Minister for Federal Affairs, Europe and the Media of North Rhine- Westphalia.
In the regional elections on 9 May 2010 Bernhard won Schemmer (CDU ) ( 53.9 %, 2005: 61.0 %) in the constituency 79 ( Coesfeld I / Borken III) the direct mandate. In the constituency 80 ( Coesfeld II) Werner Jost Meier (CDU ) ( 51.6 %, 2005: 56.9%) directly elected. André Stinka (SPD ) took as substitutes again in the state legislature.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms was about five years after the municipal reform. It was approved on 15 October 1979 by the Prime Minister in Münster with signing the deed.
Blazon: " Split of gold and red; front in the upper third, a red bar, including a red bell, behind a stationary, gold -clad blessing Bishop, at his feet a golden goose. "
The coat of arms leads since the symbols of the ancient circles Coesfeld and Luedinghausen coat of arms.
The colors and the red bars are taken from the coat of arms of the pin Münster, which bugged the district area. The bishop with the goose comes from the old coat of arms of the circle: the holy Liudger, the first Bishop of Münster. He is considered the founder of St. Lamberti in Coesfeld. The goose has been diving since the 17th century as its attribute. From the coat of arms of the former district Luedinghausen the bell, whose origin is in turn a Liudgerus legend comes from.
The flag is gold ( yellow) Striped red with the coat of arms of the circle Coesfeld occupied.
Economy and infrastructure
The Coesfeld is one of the most rapidly growing regions in North Rhine -Westphalia. Not without reason the circle is often called " Little Tiger of North Rhine -Westphalia ". This is supported by numerous structural and developmental data such as population growth or the increase in employment.
The economy benefits besides the good location close to the business centers of Münster, Ruhr area and Enschede and good infrastructure mainly from the heterogeneous, medium-sized company structure.
The corporate landscape in Coesfeld is characterized primarily by small and medium-sized, owner-managed businesses. The self-employment rate of 13% is among the highest in Germany. In particular, the increase in the number of jobs has increased by 43 % during the last 20 years, but it is due to that the business location Coesfeld is repeatedly cited as a prime example of a successful structural change in North Rhine -Westphalian regions.
Of the currently over 50,000 social insurance contributions 34% are attributable to the secondary sector, 64 % of all employees work in the tertiary sector. Although the number of employees has nearly doubled in the service sector since 1980, the industry and the craft still form an important core of economic power in the region. Conspicuous positions, both in the number of employees as well as sales, the consumer goods industry ( food industry, furniture manufacturing ) holds, the chemical industry and the machinery and plant engineering.
Today, the agricultural market research, medical products, hand-crafted sports car, special signaling systems for special vehicles, supplies for the aviation and aerospace industry, specialized machinery for the textile industry as well as design of the class in craft and industrial production are examples of innovations, made in COE '.
The unemployment rate in Coesfeld amounted to June 2013 was 3.3 percent. This is the lowest unemployment rate of all districts in North Rhine -Westphalia. The Coesfeld belongs to the so-called local option. That is, the district administration has taken over the care and placement of recipients of unemployment benefit II together with the cities and towns.
The circle belongs to the Transport Community Munsterland and the administration union rail transport Munsterland.
The county is served by several railway lines:
- Railway route Dortmund - Enschede on Lunen, Luedinghausen, Dülmen, Coesfeld, Ahaus Gronau and the former Dortmund -Gronau - Enschede Railway Company, today as Westmünsterland train operated by DB Regio Westphalia,
- Tree mountains train from Münster Billerbeck to Coesfeld,
- Railway Tub Eickelmann - Hamburg Recklinghausen, Haltern am See, Dülmen and Münster (Westfalen ) of the former Cologne -Minden Railway Company, now operated by the German railway,
- Railway Duisburg- Quakenbruck about Dorsten and Coesfeld the former Rhenish Railway Company, now mostly decommissioned.
On the circuit area have come up with Dülmen and Coesfeld two stations emerged as important transfer.
- Federal Highway 1 Puttgarden - Lübeck - Hamburg - Bremen - Osnabrueck - Muenster - Dortmund - Wuppertal - Cologne - Euskirchen - Saarbrücken
- Federal Highway 43 Munster - Recklinghausen - Herne - Bochum - Wuppertal
- Federal Highway 31 Bottrop - Gronau - Meppen - Leer - Emden
- Airfield Borkenberge
- Westfälische Nachrichten (two local editions: Tree Mountains [ Nottuln, Havixbeck, Bösensell ] and Lüdinghauser newspaper [ Luedinghausen, Send, mountain ash ] )
- Allgemeine Zeitung Coesfeld ( daily newspaper for the economic area Coesfeld )
- Billerbecker indicator ( daily newspaper for Billerbeck and Darup )
- Dülmener newspaper ( daily newspaper in Dülmen )
- Ruhr Nachrichten. (Actually, originally from Dortmund, but with a local section for Olfen and Northern churches. Newspaper with only a Olfener and Nordkirchener Lokaltleil )
- Westphalian Gazette ( newspaper of Hamm, in the output Werne with a local part of the south of the district Coesfeld: Focus on ash mountain Herbern and Northern churches )
There are also several weekly ad papers like the sidelights, the City Gazette, Hello Munsterland and the circle courier.
- Radio Kiepenkerl ( local stations of Coesfeld ) based in Dülmen
Cities and Towns
The Coesfeld divided into eleven belonging to a county municipalities, two of which are medium cities belonging to a county.
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Outline of ancient Coesfeld to 1974
The old Coesfeld was divided before the municipal reorganization in two official -level cities, a municipality and and six offices with a city and 19 municipalities in an area of 612.03 km ² with 93 116 inhabitants ( June 30, 1967). Except for the city Coesfeld, which was merely extend were all cities, municipalities and departments of the district on July 1, 1969 the law on the restructuring of municipalities of the district Coesfeld of 24 June 1969 and 1 January 1975 by the Minster / Hamm- law disbanded on 9 July 1974, merged to form new communities.
The (old ) Coesfeld was dissolved on January 1, 1975; his successor in the new district of the same name. The cities Coesfeld and Dülmen and the municipalities Billerbeck and Rosendahl were part of this new Coesfeld. The city formed 1 July 1969 Gescher came to the newly formed district of Borken.