College of Wooster
The College of Wooster is a free academy for the humanities and natural sciences in Wooster, Ohio. It was founded in 1866 and is known for its innovative program.
For over 50 years, is created by everyone in the final year of study under the Independent Study project an extensive thesis that the claim has to have developed something new. The scope is on a par with a thesis.
The College of Wooster was founded in 1866 by Presbyterians. The inhabitants of Wooster Ephraim Quinby left the 88 ha oak wooded hill with views in the Killbuck Valley. On September 8, 1870, the University opened the doors with five faculties and 30 male and 4 female students. 1901 burned down five homes that were built within a year. In 1915 there were eight departments, including a medical school, which was in addition to the humanities and science faculties in the minority. After a heated argument between the university administration and the faculty decided to to forgo the academic qualifications, just as college to focus on the students of the humanities and natural sciences.
After an open letter in October 1920 by Professor William Estabrook Chancellor against the Republican presidential candidate Warren G. Harding because of its alleged colored Ethnicity, Chancellor was suggested on 29 October 1920 a few days before the presidential election of the Executive Board of the resignation, which he accepted also.
In 1966, chemistry professor Samuel P. Massie was elected the first black in the Board of Trustees of the College.
Religion played an important role from the beginning, especially since the college 100 years under the direction of the Synod of Ohio was. In 1969, the Wooster 's Board of Trustees fully the administration. Despite the further maintenance of a close relationship with the Presbyterian Church it is considered to be independent.
In 1999 the College put on 80 % of its endowment in hedge funds and increased its assets within 16 years of USD 89 million to USD 250 million.
Since the beginning, particular emphasis is also placed on the training of women who received the same training as their male counterparts. Furthermore, we have always had a strong international influence, since many students went as missionaries to Africa, Asia and Latin America, which in turn studied their students in Wooster. Even today, 7 % of students come from 40 different countries.
In the fraternity Sigma Chi Chapter one is done as Β. In the sports they have the nickname Fighting Scots.
Students and professors
- William Estabrook, Chancellor
- Karl Merz, music director circa 1885
- Martin Welker, Political Science and International Law from 1873 to 1890
- Grace Lee Boggs, writer, civil rights activist and feminist (* 1915)
- Donald Johanson, paleoanthropologist (* 1943)
- Arthur Holly Compton, Nobel laureate (1892-1962)
- John Dean, counsel to Richard Nixon ( b. 1938 )
- Stephen R. Donaldson, science fiction author ( b. 1947 )
- Elizebeth Friedman, crypto analyst (1892-1980)
- James Hyslop, philosopher and parapsychologist (1854-1920)
- George Kennedy, sinologist (1901-1960)
- John T. Walton, businessman and multi-billionaire (1946-2005)