Collegium Fridericianum

The Royal Collegium Fridericianum (later also called Friedrichs College ) was a high school in the East Prussian Königsberg. It was named after Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg and the first king in Prussia.


The school was founded on August 11, 1698 by the Electoral wood eunuch Theodor Gehr as a private school - initially only with 4 girls and 2 boys - founded with strong pietistic coloring in his house on the Sackheim in Königsberg. The model was initially the " orphanage " by August Hermann Francke in Halle ( Saale) with different classes according to educational goals. Even before the early death of its founder (1705 ) received the new institution in the 35 -year-old Dr. Heinrich Lysius from Flensburg an energetic and scientifically efficient leader who, against all odds and in spite of financial difficulties, the Collegium Fridericianum, as it was since 1703 successfully led. 1701 received the Collegium Fridericianum by the Prussian King Frederick I on the occasion of his coronation the privilege of " royal ". Quick the Institute as one of the most important schools of East Germany and to the center of Pietism in the dispute with the Lutherans in the city and university was. The rectors funded by the Prussian kings were formative designers of the spiritual life. Even public examinations were introduced. The college was to study the afferent school in Königsberg, even if after the rector Franz Albert Schultz began a temporary decline.

In October 1810 the school was re- inaugurated as the first Royal School of Prussia, which was organized by the neo-humanistic reform ideas of Wilhelm von Humboldt. His Königsberg school plan one of the main sources of German pedagogy: "The purpose of school education is the practice of skills and the acquisition of knowledge, without which scientific insight and skill is impossible. Both are prepared by him, the young man should be put in order, the substance to which is all his own work must always connect, sometimes even now really to collect, partly to be able to collect at pleasure in the future and to form the intellectual and mechanical forces. He is, once even, then deals in two ways with the learning with the learning of learning. But all of its features are only relative, always subordinate to a higher, only collecting, comparing, ordering, checking, & c The Absolute is excited only " The Masure and later teacher Wilhelm Herrmann wrote in Schmiedeberg album: ". . Fridericianum That was purgatory to heaven Albertina "

In Konigsberg since 1304 passed the Kneiphöfische high school and since 1525 the old-urban high school.

On the night of 29-30. August 1944 destroyed the British air raids on Königsberg the school building. The school began operation until January 24, 1945 on.


The last headmaster Bruno Schumacher to take 1750-1944 to escape from the burning Königsberg a copy of the student's matriculation and to establish an alumni association succeeded. On 28 May 1955, the sponsorship was taken over Fridericianum for the former Collegium of Landfermann High School in Duisburg. This is today cultivated intensively, such as through the annual competitions of Professor Schumacher Foundation.

Teachers, famous celebrities


In chronological order

  • Heinrich Lysius, 1702-1731, theologian
  • Georg Friedrich Rogall, 1731-1733, theologian
  • Franz Albert Schultz, 1733-1763, theologian
  • 1806-1810 unoccupied
  • Friedrich August Gotthold, 1810-1852, philologist, promoter of music education
  • J. Horkel, 1852-1860
  • Theodor Adler, 1861-1863
  • Gustav H. Wagner, 1863 -?


In alphabetical order

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Barthold, historians
  • Johann Gottfried Herder, 1763, poet, translator, theologian and philosopher
  • Otto Heinrich Hoffmann, a mathematics teacher from 1854 to 1876
  • Fr Jacob, 1818-1825
  • C. Lachmann, 1816-1818
  • C. Lehr, 1825-1845
  • Eduard Hermann Marotzki, theologian and philosopher
  • Adolf Karl Ernst August Matern
  • Karl Friedrich Merleker
  • Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Mueller, classical scholar and professor at the University of Breslau
  • Christian Schiffert, deputy rector from 1733


In alphabetical order

  • Paul Adloff, dentists and anthropologist
  • Adolf von Batocki, best graduate after the introduction of the baccalaureate, Oberpräsident in East Prussia
  • Hermann Bobrik, historian and geographer
  • Carl Hooper, philologist
  • Franz fire perpetrators, philologist
  • Friedrich Reinhold Dietz, philologist and physician
  • Dewischeit Friedrich, Masuria poet
  • Kurt Dieckert, chronicler of Königsberg's downfall
  • Hans Doering ( surgeon ), high school teacher in Göttingen
  • Traugott Fedtke, organist and composer in Königsberg and Berlin
  • Fritz Gause, history of the city of Königsberg
  • Klaus von der Groeben, administrative lawyer
  • Karl Haffner, playwright
  • Theophil autumn, Romance at the Albertus University
  • David Hilbert, mathematicians
  • Leopold von Hoverbeck, liberal member of parliament
  • Johann Jacoby, a physician and Democrat
  • Hans Kallmeyer, painter
  • Immanuel Kant, philosopher
  • Samuel Kokosky (1838-1899), lawyer, social democrat
  • Gustav Kordgien, specialist in German and Romance
  • Hans Kramer, chief forester in Elchwald
  • Horst Kramer, forest scientists in Göttingen
  • Georg David Kypke, orientalist
  • Johann Friedrich Lauson
  • Hugo Linck, pastor at Königsberg until 1948
  • Fritz Albert Lipmann, biochemist, Nobel Laureate in Medicine ( 1953)
  • Johann Heinrich Daniel Moldenhawer, theologian, librarian and Bible translator
  • Bernhard Mrowka, physicists
  • Reinhold deer, SPD and CDU politician
  • David Ruhnken, classical scholar and librarian
  • Ludwig Passarge, lawyer, travel writer and publisher
  • Siegfried Passarge, geographer and geologist
  • Albert Reusch, philologist
  • Johann Georg Rosenhain, mathematicians
  • Otto Saro, Attorney, Member of the Reichstag
  • Alexander Schmidt ( philologist ), Shakespeare researchers
  • Friedrich Ludwig Schröder, theater director, dramatist and Freemason
  • Georg Steenke, hydraulic engineer
  • Eduard von Simson, President of the Supreme Court and the Reichstag
  • Siegfried Thomaschki, General of Artillery
  • Siegfried von der Trenck, poet, jurist
  • Horst Uffhausen, federal judges
  • Alfred Voigt, legal scholars