Colmenar Viejo

Colmenar Viejo is a city in the north of the region.

  • 2.1 Development
  • 3.1 Origin of the name
  • 3.2 Origin and development
  • 4.1 municipal
  • 4.2 Mayor
  • 5.1 Natural Monuments
  • 5.2 City Festivals
  • 6.1 traffic
  • 6.2 military airfield


Geographical Location

Colmenar Viejo is located on the southern slopes of the Sierra de Guadarrama, a mountain range that separates the Autonomous Region of Madrid Autonomous Region of Castile and Leon.

Neighboring communities

At Colmenar Viejo borders clockwise starting in the north following municipalities: Miraflores de la Sierra, Guadalix de la Sierra, Pedrezuela, San Agustín de Guadalix, Algete, San Sebastián de los Reyes, Tres Cantos, Madrid, Hoyo de Manzanares, Moralzarzal, Manzanares el Real and Soto del Real.


Until 1991, the place Tres Cantos and thus the field of Universidad Autónoma de Madrid belonged to the municipality.



In March 2009, 44 155 people were living in Colmenar Viejo ( 3449 compared to the previous year), of which 7,793 are foreign nationals.

The collapse of the population in 1991 is due to the spin-off of Tres Cantos ago.

2006 84,80 % of the inhabitants of Colmenar Viejo had Spanish citizenship, 7.18% had a South African citizenship, 3.03%, an African, 2.54% European ( non-EU ), 1.36 % were citizens of the Union 0, 56 % had a central American or Caribbean citizenship, 0.34 % an Asian, 0.19 % a North American and 0.01% of an oceanic.


Origin of the name

The name Colmenar ( apiary ) Viejo (old, the old man ) is connected from ancient times with this field. According to legend, there was also an apiary and lived nearby an old man, whose nickname is " El Viejo " was ( the old man ). Nearby led since late Roman times by the way of Alcalá de Henares to Segovia, of the Manzanares River crossing at the bridges Grajal y Nuevo.

The travelers stayed " the Old ", which expanded its building more and more. Some guests have settled permanently, so that was a hamlet named Colmenar del Viejo ( the Old Apiary ). Over time, the name changed in Colmenar Viejo.

Origin and development

Archaeological excavations evidence of a settlement of the area since the 6th century. During the Reconquest of Madrid at the end of the 11th century Alfonso VI created. a dependent of Madrid community association with ill-defined borders, and summed together as the sparse settlement.

This ill-defined frontiers has led for more than a century of conflict between Madrid and Segovia, the resulting finished Alfonso X of Castile, he incorporated the area of the crown. This vast territory was named el Real de Manzanares and included villages like Colmenar Viejo, Soto del Real, Hoyo de Manzanares, Miraflores de la Sierra, Navacerrada, Guadalix, etc.

Juan I of Castile wrote about the area his tutor Pedro González de Mendoza ( 1340-1385 ). Whose second son Iñigo López de Mendoza (1398-1458) later became the title of Count de el Real de Manzanares awarded.

In the following centuries the people of Colmenar Viejo grew and on 22 November 1504 was legally independent of Manzanares. The majority of the population were farmers and the development of the town came to a standstill. This changed after the mid-19th century. A bullring (then a symbol of modernity ) was built, a highway now joined the small town of Manzanares and Fuencaral, telegraph lines were laid and set up a daily postal service. On 30 May 1911, the first train from Madrid's Chamartín Train Station, reached the city.


Parish council


Mayor ( alcalde ) since 2011 Miguel Angel Santa María of the People's Party ( Partido Popular).

Culture and sights

Natural Monuments

The UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Cuenca Alta del Río Manzanares, with its 101,300 hectares bordered to the west and south by the territory of the municipality. This park, which ranges from up to 2,300 m high mountain range of the Sierra de Guadarrama to the city limits of Madrid is also home to griffon vultures and peregrine falcon. There are no restrictions on access to the park.

City ​​festivals

  • The festival of " Vaquilla " on February 2
  • The festival " La Maya " on May 2,
  • The celebrations of the patron saint of " Nuestra Señora de los Remedios " the last full weekend in August
  • The day of Colmenar Viejo on 22 November to commemorate the granting of town rights by Fernando el Católico

Economy and infrastructure


Colmenar Viejo is connected via the two-lane separately for each direction highway M -607 with Tres Cantos and the city of Madrid. The line C- 7 of the Cercanías Madrid ( S -Bahn system) begins in Colmenar Viejo, and also via Tres Cantos and the major train stations Chamartín and Atocha to Puerta del Sol.

Military airfield

In the north of the city area there is a small military airfield of the Spanish Army ( Ejército de Fuerzas Aero Móviles del Tierra ( FAMET ) ), the base Colmenar Viejo. In addition to the Chinook helicopters Batallón de Helicópteros de Transporte núm. V ( BHELTRA V) are stationed on the grounds some more flying and non-flying associations. The site is thus the largest of the Spanish Army.