Driving is a form of equestrianism and understood in its broadest sense, driving with carriages and wagons.
On driving competitions will be one-, two - or four horses driven in general. Most tournaments consist of examinations in the disciplines of dressage, driving terrain and obstacle driving. These can be considered individually, but there are also tests in which the overall winner is the team with the best results of all three tests.
Pioneer of the driving sport was Benno von Achenbach. Even today, with all German tournaments under the umbrella organization of the FN Achenbach Driving System usual, other recognized driving systems such as Hungarian tension be tolerated. The " non- driving after Achenbach " leads according to LPO (Performance Testing Procedure) to a small point deduction (0.5 points).
Here a prescribed dressage test is completed on a driving square. The dressage test is like riding mainly from certain arena patterns, which in the given gaits ( walk, trot, canter rarely ) and in the required Gangmaß (eg, working trot, strong trot ) must be completed. In the assessment by the judges as well ( see also equipage ) is also value in authentic style clothing, carriages traditional construction and equipment ( whip, carriage lamps, etc.. ) And matching horses down. The training is evaluated with scores between 0 and 10 to the tenth of values. Many operators require achieving a score of at least 5.0 for the following to be able to terrain or obstacle test drive.
The Obstacle is called unofficially cone driving. On a course of up to 20 cone pairs are placed, the distance is about 20-50 cm wider than the car lane depending on the difficulty of the test. The cone pairs are to pass through within a set distance as fast as possible without knocking down a cone or throw a ball lying on the cones. The cone gates are numbered with a red number on the right side and a white number on the left side. Who misses a goal, or departs from the wrong side, is disqualified.
For the evaluation, there are several different directional process. For example, the directional method according to penalties and time. It is therefore considered only after errors, and only then after time, it wins the team with the fewest penalty points and tie the one with the fastest time. Here three penalty points are calculated for each part dropped. In another widespread Scoring Method five seconds penalty to be accounted for at the time per abgeworfenem part, it wins the fastest time.
Unofficially known as " Marathon". Here natural and artificial terrain obstacles such as bridges, small streams have to be overcome narrow and winding paths. Driving is a separate route in 3-5 sections, usually about 15-18 km. In the sections specific gaits and times must be observed ( minimum and maximum times ). The last stretch has between five and eight obstacles that must be traversed as quickly. Often terrain obstacles such as water crossings are to master. The obstacle course may be galloping. Hazards is in sportswear and usually with marathon carriage. The passenger ( Groom ) stabilized in fast corners the carriage by weight shift and the driver often says shouting the lines or the way through the obstacles to.
Tradition of carriage driving
Also known as a tradition driving. In this convivial Driving historical carriages and accordingly made-up animals professionals and the public are presented. The following is an obstacle Parkours with a variety of tasks, and top it off for a ride from the farm fields and forest. The drivers and riders dress as in the noble Year of her trailer combination corresponding costumes and equip themselves as authentically as possible. The goal is to get the historical cars, giving them a new life, to promote the youth in order to maintain the tradition of the historic driving with subsequent generations.
Skijoring, Skijoring and off-road Kjöring
As an introduction to the driving sport is often used in the popular leisure area skijoring or " Schlitteljöring " in which a rider directs the horse and a skier or sledder clings like a water skier on a pull rope.
In skijoring, the skier draws the horse itself, Skijöring he is pulled by a horse ridden.
- The lines are used to control the horse, according to the reins when riding.
- At the dishes draft horses are clamped.
- The German Equestrian Federation (FN ) is the German umbrella organization of most equestrian sports, as well as the driving sport. The FEI is the international governing body for this purpose.
- The World Championships are separated in the driving sport, after one-, two - and Vierspännern, held every two years. The World Championships for Four Hand find here all four years ( ie every second of the World Cup Four Hand ) at the World Equestrian Games take place.
- In addition to the above Championships, the World Cup the most important competition for Four Hand driver dar.