Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ( CSIRO ) is the national authority in Australia for Scientific and Industrial Research. It was founded in 1916 under the name of Advisory Council of Science and Industry (German, advisory body for science and industry '). 1926, the Authority was renamed and given its present name.

Among the achievements of CSIRO include atomic spectroscopy, the first plastic bank notes, Insektenrepellenten, different methods of genetic engineering and the introduction of myxomatosis to curb the rabbit plague in Australia. In October 2005, reported the journal Nature, researchers from the CSIRO that it is able to generate artificial resilin, and the fabrication of a near-perfect rubber will be possible.

Researchers at CSIRO have developed the fundamentals of wireless technology and the authority is in possession of the relevant patent. The right of the CSIRO, to require patent fees is, however, provided by well-known companies such as Microsoft, Apple and Dell in question and fights with a class action.

The CSIRO has over 6600 employees. It operates 55 research institutions in Australia, France and Mexico. Headquartered in Canberra. The CSIRO has 13 research departments.