Communist Party of the Basque Homelands
Euskal Herrialdeetako Alderdi Komunista ( EHAK ), the Communist Party of the Basque territories, is founded in 2002, Basque political party with communist ideology, which advocates an independent Basque state and in September 2008 at the request of the Spanish government through the Sala Especial ( "Special Chamber " ) of the Supreme Court in Madrid was banned as a successor organization to the banned Batasuna left the national party.
Until the elections to the Parliament of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country on April 17, 2005 EHAK did not compete at elections. The party took over the minimum program of Auzkera Guztiak ( all options ), which was previously banned. The civil list was newly founded guarantee that all sectors of society are represented in the new regional parliament. Aukera Guztiak had been banned because candidates have been in contact with the head of the legal left-nationalist trade union LAB, which is close to Batasuna. It was noticeable, however, that a number of candidates EHAK members of this union are, but the party was not banned. EHAK offered to the electorate of Batasuna to represent those in the Basque Parliament. The Basque communists received 150 188 votes (12.5% ) received nine seats, two more than previously Batasuna.
A few weeks before the Spanish parliamentary elections, the activities of the party was just like those of the traditional left-nationalist Acción Nacionalista Vasca suspended on the initiative of the Government of prominent judge Baltasar Garzón on 8 February 2008 for three years. A participation of the party in the elections in March was prevented in this way. In September 2008, then was done by court order, the final party ban.
Spokesperson of the party is Nekane Erauzkin from the province of Gipuzkoa.
International criticism of the policy of prohibition
Given the current party bans warned the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and counter-terrorism, Martin Scheinin, in May 2008 warned that Spain extending the scope of the concept of terrorism to areas which have nothing to do with terrorism, and demanded that the Spanish Government, an independent review of the current criminal Code (Art. 572-580 ). Following the ban on Batasuna party, EHAK - PCTV and EAE - ANV now exist except Aralar no party from the spectrum of left- independence movement that could run in the next municipal and regional elections. According to the critics is approximately 200,000 voters in this way deprived of a fundamental, democratic right. Indeed, it was mainly the small party Aralar to win in the Basque regional elections in 2009, which had split back in 2000 after breaking the former ceasefire by ETA Batasuna and tried to establish themselves as Basque- nationalist left, but violence challenging party.