Conakry ( Conakry formerly ) is the capital of Guinea (formerly French Guinea ). The population is 1,871,185 (as of 1 January 2005), so Conakry is the largest city in the country.
The city of Conakry grew out of a small fishing village on the island of Tombo, which lay to the west of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean off the Kaloum peninsula. With increasing importance as the seat of administration of the colony Rivières du Sud, the place became also an important trading center. Tombo was connected to the peninsula and thus also to the mainland by landfills eventually.
Beginning of the 20th century was a magnificent city of Conakry with sandy beaches and promenades and tree-lined boulevards. We called it at that time often called the " Paris of Africa" or as " Petit Marseille ".
The climate in Conakry is extremely warm. The average annual temperature is 26.6 ° C and it is all year round 25 to 30 ° C. The rainfall is 4296 mm per year. The dry season lasts from November to May
Conakry is since 1890 the capital of French Guinea, now the Republic of Guinea.
- The National Museum ( " National Museum " ) displays art objects, especially masks from around the country.
- The Faysal Mosque, built in the late seventies, is the largest mosque in sub-Saharan Africa.
- In the Mausoleum Camayenne important personalities Guinea are buried, such as Ahmed Sékou Touré and Samory Touré.
- The People's Palace (Palais du Peuple ) used for cultural purposes ( exhibitions, conferences ) and is the seat of parliament.
There is also a botanical garden.
Only a few kilometers from the coast, the Los Islands ( " Iles de Los " ) with palm-fringed sandy beaches. On two of these islands bauxite was mined until the 1960s.
Conakry is the economic center of the country. The city has an international airport and a major port on the Atlantic Ocean. Among other things, bananas, iron ore and bauxite are shipped. The port throughput totaled 1997 3.739.463 tons, since the expansion of the port early nineties for container ships of the second generation also takes the container handling to resistant.
Since 1999, a further expansion of the port facilities is planned, the realization of which is provided from 2007. In a first phase, the expansion of the existing container terminals by the construction of a 225 meter long quay and the realization of an approximately 9.5 -acre container storage area is provided. In a second phase, an approximately 30 -acre storage area is in the eastern port area obtained in a Wadden Sea area and a 250 m long quay to be built for general cargo ships.
The city was once known as the pearl of Africa, however, has grown substantially since the independence of Guinea. In recent years, however, is noticeable that is heavily invested in the property sector.
Since 1963 there is a state university in Conakry, the " Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry ". 1999 opened the first private university with the " Université Kofi Annan de Guinée ".
Sons and daughters of the town
- Mamadou Bah (* 1988), football player
- Ibrahima Sory Bangoura ( b. 1982 ), football player
- Ismaël Bangoura ( born 1985 ), football player
- Ibrahima Camara ( born 1985 ), football player
- Mamadou Diallo Alimou ( born 1984 ), football player
- Jean Claude Diallo (1945-2008), psychologist, politician, and integration Councillor
- Pascal Feindouno ( b. 1981 ), football player
- Mohamed Fofana ( born 1985 ), football player
- Oumar Kalabane ( b. 1981 ), football player
- Alhassane Keita ( b. 1983 ), football player
- Sékouba Konaté (born 1964 ), brigadier general and politician
- Jo Maka (1929-1981), jazz musician
- Fode Mansaré ( b. 1981 ), football player
- Katoucha Niane (1960-2008), French Model
- Pablo Thiam ( born 1974 ), guinean - German football player and functionary
- Souleymane Youla ( born 1981 ), football player
- Kamil Zayatte ( born 1985 ), football player
- Guy- Michel Landel (* 1990), football player