As concertmaster of the standing or sitting in an orchestra on the first panel section leader of the group of the first violins is called a rule. Until the beginning of the 19th century, this leading musicians conducted independently the whole orchestra, as yet, in some chamber orchestras is common today. Since taking over the management function by the conductor - first from the harpsichord, later standing alone in front of the orchestra - the responsibility of the concert master the tasks to monitor the attunement to run the game to play the violin solo passages and sometimes to represent in samples conductors. He gives the orchestra beyond character to stand up, sit down and eventual Applaud ( for instance by means of the violin bows that are knocking on the music stands ).
In larger symphony orchestras, there are usually several concertmaster. A distinction is usually between so-called first concert masters and ( 2 ) concert masters. Frequently share with larger orchestras during a concert two concertmaster, the first panel, the one acting as deputy to the other. Furthermore, in larger orchestras the vocal leader of the second violins are also often called the concertmaster.
The concertmaster is supported in the play of the vocal leaders of the other groups of instruments and interacts with them through eye contact.
Known concertmaster ( selecting )
- Siegfried Borries: first concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic from 1933 to 1940, special concert master of the Berlin Staatskapelle from 1941 to 1945, first concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic from 1945 to 1957
- Willi Boskovsky: Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic 1933-1969
- Gerhard Bosse: first concertmaster of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig from 1965 to 1987
- Francesco De Angelis: concertmaster of the Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala since 1998
- Guy Braunstein: first concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic from 2000 to 2013
- Franz Peter Fischer: first concertmaster of Würzburg Philharmonic
- Lazar Gosman: Concert Master of the Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra 1949-1977
- Alice Harnoncourt: concertmaster of the Concentus Musicus Wien 1953-1985
- Yuki Manuela Janke: first concertmaster of the Dresden Staatskapelle since 2013
- Rainer Kussmaul: 1 concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic from 1993 to 1997
- Rudolf Koeckert: first concertmaster of the Symphony Orchestra of the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra from 1949 to 1979
- Franz Josef Maier: concertmaster of the Chamber Orchestra Collegium Aureum, from 1962 until its dissolution
- Egon Morbitzer: first concertmaster of the Berlin Staatskapelle 1951-1989
- Erich Rohn: first concertmaster of the Symphony Orchestra of the Norddeutscher Rundfunk 1945-1974
- Arnold Rosé: "eternal " Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic
- Horst Sannemüller: concertmaster of the Gewandhaus Orchestra Leipzig
- Michel Schwalbé: first concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic from 1957 to 1986
- Lothar Strauss: first concertmaster of the Berlin Staatskapelle since 1984
- Music profession ( instrumentalist )
- Technical term (Orchestra)