Congregatio de Auxiliis

Under the grace dispute refers to the so-called controversy " de auxiliis ": Various theologian schools fought in the early modern period to the understanding of the interaction between divine grace and human freedom. The dispute began with the publication of the Concordia liberi arbitrii the Jesuit Luis de Molina in 1588 and ended in 1607 through a mutual condemnations forbidding declaration of Pope Paul V ( 1552-1621, Pope 1605 ). Since then kept all the popes and councils this question open.

The contending parties, and Molinists banezianisten, different concepts were developed, such as the infallibility of the grace of God's action and human freedom could be thought of together. It was only the Molinists, with the help of the relief concept of so-called " scientia media" God preserve human freedom, while the other party claiming a human freedom inward work of God.

The theologian Gregory of Valencia (1549-1603) defended in 1602, in a solemn disputation before Pope Clement VIII, the positions Molinas.