Congregation of the Mission
The Vincentians, even Vincentian (Latin: Congregation Missionis; religious symbol: CM) is a Catholic male order, which was founded in 1625 by St. Vincent de Paul for the service of the poor in Paris.
Congregation and religious life
For the Congregation of the Mission today include 3829 men, 2999 of them are priests, the other brothers (2009).
The Vincentians are called so in France (French Lazaristes ) and in Austria, this name was derived from the first mother's house, Saint Lazare in Paris, from which no longer exists today. In Germany they are called Vincentians, and for example in Poland simply missionaries (Polish Misji, Misjonarze ), or Spanish Paules (pronounced " Paules ").
The Vincentian spirituality is determined by confidence in the goodness of God by following Jesus, solidarity with the poor and concern for the transmission of the faith. They see themselves as secular priests and brothers who live in community. My motto is: " The poor preach the gospel."
The tasks of the Vincentian / Vincentians are the parish ministry, pastoral care in hospitals and homes for the elderly, the disabled pastoral care, education and pastoral care at the Sisters of Mercy / Vincentians. An important task of the Vincentians, the training, and so the Austrian Vincentians serve the St. George's College in Istanbul.
After its founding in 1625, the Order dealt first with the pastoral care of the French rural population and then extended its activities to the training of priests, giving retreats, the spiritual care of the Daughters of Charity and to the pastoral care of galley slaves and other prisoners. The Order was approved in 1633 by Pope Urban VIII. Since 1645 the Vincentians are also active in the mission (including since 1697 in China). In the French Revolution, it was the loss of 78 French branches of the Order and to the destruction of the Mother House St. Lazare in Paris. As of 1843, the Vincentians were reorganized by the Superior General Jean -Baptiste Étienne and have since spread worldwide.
In the German -speaking world, the Vincentians had first in Vienna.
After canceling a very meritorious act in the Palatinate Jesuit order in 1773, sought Elector Karl Theodor a congregation that should their legal successor, especially with regard to the monasteries and properties begin. Here he decided to Lazaristenorden. For November 7, 1781, the elector decreed its introduction in the Palatinate and transferred to the Order, all property and rights of current Jesuits. As a first Provincial of the Palatine community he had already appointed dated 12 October of the year a son of his country, Father Johann Wilhelm Theobald ( 1726-1816 ). Due to the political events of the Province of the Order was granted not last long and it was disbanded in 1796.
The present German Province was founded in 1851 by chaplains from the Archdiocese of Cologne. After the ban in 1873 Kulturkampf the Vincentians / Vincentians in 1918 returned to Germany.
- Vincent de Paul (17 April 1625 - September 27, 1660 )
- René Alméras (January 17, 1661 - September 22, 1672 )
- Edmond Jolly ( 1673 - March 26, 1697 )
- Nicolas Pierron (1697 - 1703)
- François Watel (1703 - 1710)
- Jean Bonnet (May 10, 1711 - September 3, 1735 )
- Jean Couty (1736 - 1746)
- Louis de Bras (March 6, 1747 - August 21, 1761 )
- Antoine Jacquier (1762 - 1787)
- Jean Félix Cayla de la Garde (1788 - February 12, 1800 )
- Pierre -Joseph Dewailly (1827 - October 25 1828)
- Dominique Salhorgne (1829 - 25, 1836)
- Jean -Baptiste- Rigobert Nozo (1835 - 1842)
- Jean -Baptiste Étienne (1843 - 1874)
- Eugène Boré ( September 11, 1874 - May 3, 1878)
- Antoine Fiat (1878 - 1914)
- Emile Villette (1914 - 1916)
- François Verdier (1919 - 1933)
- Charles Souvay (1933 - 1939)
- William Slattery (1947 - 1968)
- James Richardson (1968 - 1980)
- Richard McCullen (1980 - 1992)
- Robert P. Maloney (1992 - 2004)
- Gregory Gay (2004 - ...)
- Cristoforo Palmieri, Bishop of Rrëshen in Albania
- Franc Rode, retired archbishop of Ljubljana, Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life
- Stephanos II Ghattas Cardinal and Patriarch of the Coptic Catholic Church in Egypt
- Oscar L. Huber, the U.S. President John F. Kennedy issued the last rites in Dallas November 22, 1963
- Wolfgang Pucher, founder of numerous homeless projects in Graz and Vienna
- Pedro Opeka, a missionary in Madagascar, founder of the charity " Akamasoa "
- David M. O'Connell, president of the Catholic University of America (CUA )
- Justin de Jacobi, Saint, Titular