Constantine Samuel Rafinesque
Rafinesque - Schmaltz was born the son of a German mother and a French father and distinguished himself as a genius and eccentric. Its particular importance lies in the study of Maya writing.
Rafinesque - Schmaltz discovered in the 1830s that the number system of the Maya based on a dot -dash notation, and suspected that the writing reflects a language that is still spoken by the Maya and was therefore to decipher. He also noted that the font in the codices and the inscriptions is the same.
Rafinesque - Schmaltz also worked as a botanist and ichthyologist and describer of many plant and fish species, including the stingrays ( Dasyatis ).
After Rafinesque - Schmaltz the plant genus Rafinesquia and the Rafinesque - long-eared is named.
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- Analysis de la nature, Palermo 1815 ( outlining a new system of classification )
- Florula ludoviciana, 1817 online at gallica.fr
- Neogenyton, 1825
- Medical Flora, a manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America (1828-1830)
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- Sylva tellurana, 1838 online at archive.org