Constanze Mozart

Constanze Mozart ( Maria Constanze Caecilia Josepha Johanna Aloisia Mozart, nee Weber, born January 5, 1762 in cell meadow valley, † March 6, 1842 in Salzburg) was a soprano and executor of the works of her husband, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. She was the cousin of Carl Maria von Weber.


Constanze Mozart was the third of four daughters of Franz Fridolin Weber and Maria Cecilia Cordula tribe. The family lived in Mannheim, where his father was a bass player and copyist at the theater and the second oldest sister Aloysia coloratura soprano. There Mozart and Constanze Weber in 1777 learned to know. But Mozart fell in love at first in her sister Aloysia. 1781 Mozart met the meantime moved to Vienna Weber family again. Aloysia had married in the meantime, Joseph Lange. In Vienna Mozart lived for a while with the Webers, however, had to move home "because of the talk of the people ".

On August 4, 1782, the two married without banns and without parental permission. After Mozart's letters to judge, it was a happy marriage. She had given him the inspiration he needed for his compositions. Several works are written for her, including the soprano part of the Great C minor Mass, which should sing in the world premiere at the Salzburg St. Peter's Church. She accompanied him on most of his travels.

During her marriage to Constanze Mozart was pregnant six times in eight years, which forces leached such that it was always tied to the bed. Of the children Raimund Leopold (1783 ), Carl Thomas ( 1784-1858 ), Johann Leopold (1786 ), Theresa ( 1787), Anna ( 1789) and Franz Xaver Wolfgang ( 1791-1844 ) died four as infants. She was also charged by frequent moves and the scarcity of money in recent years.

According to Wolfgang's death in 1791 Constanze stood alone with her two children and her husband's debts. To make ends meet and the children, it jointly with her sister Aloysia several benefit concerts and 1795 /96 concert tour with Mozart's works. The children brought them over the estate of his friend Bertramka couple Josepha and Franz Xaver Duschek in Prague. The extant manuscripts of Mozart they did not sell immediately, but only at the turn of 1799/1800 at the Offenbach music publisher Johann Anton André. Ten years later, in 1809, Constance married in Bratislava Georg Nikolaus Nissen, a Danish diplomat and secretary diplomat, with whom she moved to Copenhagen in 1810. Between 1820 and 1824, the couple traveled to Germany before it moved to Salzburg in August 1824. At least here they began work on one of the first biographies of WA Mozart, together with her husband. Nissen died in 1826. Constanze published the biography in 1828.

Buried in the Constanze Nissen / Mozart family on the St. Sebastian cemetery in Salzburg grave. Her father Leopold Mozart is not buried in this grave, but rests in the communal tomb of St. Sebastian.

2005 Altötting a copy of a supposedly dating from the 1840 daguerreotype was again found on the 78 -year-old Constanze should be displayed together with the family of the composer Max Keller. The authenticity has been questioned, since the daguerreotype was invented only a year earlier, and other outdoor group photos are not handed down from that time (Carl Ferdinand Stelzner recording of the Hamburg Artists' Union dates back to 1843). An investigation of the Bavarian State Office of Criminal Investigation came to the conclusion that a number of features in the face of the old lady were also found on earlier portraits of Constanze.

2006 was the "musical comedy" The Webers of Felix Mitterer, which tells the story of Constanze Mozart and her family, premiered by the United Stages of Vienna.