A consular, latin consularis ( vir ) was in the Roman Empire originally a member of the Senate, which had once exercised the office of Consul. Later, other officials were so designated.

Consuls were in the Roman Republic, together with the still numerically smaller group of Censorier ( -been censors ) ( who came from the ranks of ex-consuls ) the highest ranking class of senators.

In the imperial period also military leader, governor and other state officials were called consuls.