Convention of Peking
The Beijing Convention of October 18, 1860 represents a supplement to the Treaty of Tianjin, with the foreign foreign powers in the Second Opium War finally defeated China restrictions imposed on other loads. The Beijing Convention is one of the unequal treaties forced upon the colonial powers China.
Thus, China undertook, in addition also the port of Tianjin itself open for overseas trade and foreign fleets free circulation on the Chinese river network and its own citizens to allow the emigration to British ships. In addition, a " redress power " of another 16 million Liang and a general exemption from customs duties for textile imports were provided. Finally, other parts of the outer Manchuria to Russia and so far only leased Kowloon were ceded to the British colony of Hong Kong.