As Corail cars are 1975-1984 procured air-conditioned coaches of the French State Railways ( SNCF) for the domestic and international express trains called.
The new generation cars
The 1975 entered service in Corail cars were the first cars in the UIC standard length of 26,400 mm in France. For the first time all areas were air conditioned, and the second class (except half baggage car B6Dd2 ). They therefore comply with the UIC specification of the type Z. It Großraumwagen and compartment cars were purchased. A striking feature of the first series of these vehicles are the ( to the longitudinal axis carriage ) collected Drehfalttüren; in the last series sliding doors were installed instead. The cars are approved for 160 or 200 km / h, the power supply is either designed for 1500 V DC or AC (domestic cars ) or for all four European electricity systems (carriage for international traffic ).
On delivery, the car wore a coat of paint in shades of gray, the doors were sold in orange. The coral color of the doors ( fr.: corail ) was one of the interpretations of the term Corail, which otherwise was derived from Confort sur Rail. The areas of the first class had a characteristic yellow strip between the roof edge and window strip, the second one in green. The bar section was fitted with an orange stripe.
Some cars for transport Paris - Brussels - Amsterdam were painted at the factory in the orange Eurofima design.
The wide-body cars were classified as VTU ( Voiture tourisme universal ) in the SNCF car park. The first versions as zehnfenstrige Großraumwagen the types B10tu and B11tu ( 35 in Eurofima Orange ) and A5B5tu (the numbers denote the notional compartments ) and A10tu and bistro car B5rtux. The entrances of the VTU are offset from the end of the car a little towards the center of the car, the toilets are in the car corners. Part of the Greater first-class carriage were built with mini-bar base and designated as A10rtu.
In the same year some compartment wagon type B6Dux half luggage compartment car and A4B6u compartment car A9u ( 11/2 van and ten gemischtklassige vehicles in this series but in Eurofima Orange ) came and in the service that is different from the Eurofima wagon only by the Dachsickung to roof edge and the offset to the inside entrance doors differed in Drehfaltbauart. These were joined in 1976 B11u ( nine cars in Eurofima Orange ) Series VU ( Voiture universal ) and A11u in Corail version. The doors of the VU cars are on the car ends.
The series B11u had eight seat compartments (some also in Eurofima orange) and the 70 cars of the type A11u eleven six- seat compartments. These cars were assigned to 1982, the second class, the six- compartment remained. To replace 100 copies A9u - cars came on the market, which the Eurofima wagon resembled in size, but typical Corail attributes, such as the Sick roof and the car longitudinal axis inwardly offset doors wore. Couchette the type B10c10u with a midnight blue instead of gray strip window and no air conditioning (but with UIC - sliding windows ) were delivered from 1978. In addition, some A10u - compartment cars were purchased. Also a small series of control car B6Drtux was ordered, a larger series followed in 1984.
Together with the Corail car 1976 luggage wagon type MC 76 and 100 original Eurofima wagon were A9VSE ( Voiture Standard Européenne ) procured and color matched the Corail car (up to eight VSE Eurofima orange).
1978 more B11u and half baggage car were also bought. But couchette of types A9c9 was included to SNCF.
All Corail cars had until then Drehfalttüren. From 1982 sliding doors were mandatory for the Großraumwagen types. The couchette delivered from 1984, now as a universal type ACBC where the compartments were filled, depending on the ticket with four chairs first or second class and six chairs were further built despite its year of construction with inset Drehfalttüren.
From 1984, even B12u cars follow with eight seats per compartment and other vehicles of other types.
New Color Design
The mid-1990s changed the painting of Corail fleet. Following the example of the first introduced in France color scheme from the TGV Atlantique and then no longer orange TGV PSE now was a zweitonigen paint in silver and gray, the window band was dark painted just like the TGV. The window strip has now been framed as the TGV by a narrow white stripe and thus separated from the rest of Silver Metallic. The different classes ( second class ) are now the same as with the TGV through red doors ( first class), yellow doors ( bistro, restaurant) and turquoise doors distinguished. Unlike the TGV with blue window band Corailzüge but have not received a dark gray window band. The doors were initially two colors with color visible only in the band of windows, it was soon simplified and painted the doors in full color in the class characteristic color. A random similarity was thus added to the EC- car of the SBB and the former Swiss TEE- trains of the type RAe that even light gray / dark gray appearance had after reconstruction 1989/1990.
Similar to Germany, where the long-distance transport has received the color scheme of the ICE, the long-distance transport with Corailplus trains should (similar to German Intercity) benefit from the visual similarity of the image of the TGV. According to surveys by the customers through the SNCF was soon found that the update has been found so dull as gray tubes. A new concept based on the surveys therefore represent the Téoz trains in colorful design, which are (, TGN, Trains de génération nouvelle comparable with the erstwhile inter-regional trains of the DB) used on a network of long-distance express train connections. For this purpose, Corail carriages of the modules B6Du, B11tu and A10u were rebuilt.
Similarly, the signet of the SNCF changed each with the execution currently used on the car.
Corail cars were in almost all long-distance trains in France for use, but also in many relations to foreign countries (Benelux, Switzerland, Austria, Germany ). From 1987, the new Euro City trains were equipped with it. In the early 1990s came EC trains with this car in the new federal states to Leipzig and Dresden. Chance of those cars were also on the relation Paris - to watch Cologne via Aachen. Corail cars were in Germany until the summer of 2007 to Stuttgart - used and Frankfurt / Main via Strasbourg and Saarbrücken in EC trains to Vienna in EN and D trains (Munich, Vienna). Until 1994, perverted Corail couchette with bogie change in Hendaye continuously from Paris to Madrid and Lisboa.
By eliminating these relations one Corail car found almost exclusively in French domestic traffic TER (Transport express régional ), which correspond to the Regional-Express in Germany. You get paintings for the respective regional authority. These trains run up to 200 km / h ( Metralsace in Alsace for example). Another application area is still the French domestic express trains remained, which will continue to exist.
The assembled from extruded sections of steel grade St 52 cars are all 26.400 millimeters long and 2,825 millimeters wide (MC 76 are 20,000 mm long and 3,000 mm wide). They have rubber bead transitions. They belong to the UIC - Z type. The bogies on the type SNCF Y 32 current ( VSE only on FIAT bogie ) vehicles have a bogie distance of 19 meters (MC 76: 13 meters). The allowable maximum speed, depending on the type 160, 180 or 200 km / h The roof has corrugations that extend beyond the edges of the washing area to edge of roof, except for the VSE type. The divided into three sub-series VU / VTU 75, VU / VTU 78 and VU / VTU 84 cars were produced from 1975 to 1988. All of the cars have been carried out air-conditioned. However, some couchette feature windows that open. Shipping companies were Alstom and Anglo - Franco -Belge.
Corail cars from other countries
Car of the Corail - types also go to Morocco, Spain, Romania and Portugal. In Portugal, they were built from 1985 by Sorefame under license and are different from the other types car bodies made of stainless steel with corrugated sidewalls for patents of American BUDD Company. Available are the types B10, A10 and A5R ( bar) The intercity service ( Intercidades ) are used.
16 Corail cars are owned by the Luxembourg State Railways CFL. These come from a compensation contract with SNCF to 2008 and are today used both on national and international connections.