Correspondence theory of truth

The correspondence theory of truth is found in representatives of realism again. Then subjective statements are only true if they correspond to the facts in the objective world ( correspond ). It is referenced in the rule as a counter to the coherence theory of truth, in the coherence of a statement with other statements the truth of a statement, the ultimate (or only a supplementary ) criterion or an indication of the truth of a statement look.

A worsening of the correspondence theory represents the image theory, which considers the following conditions to be necessary and sufficient for correspondence ( see also isomorphism ):


If the correspondence theory may make sense even at first glance, are obtained with the correspondence theory of truth, a number of philosophical problems. Fundamental objections of skepticism: first, can not decide whether it really enables us to recognize facts as they actually are, as psychological, social, historical as well as physical factors (eg, sensory perception and neuronal data processing ) can influence the knowledge of facts and thus the veracity of statements is difficult to check. In fact, you would have the reality / fact regardless of their Detected and Formulated Will see to it then compare with the cast in a statement knowledge. This comparison can be seen not feasible.

Specific objections:

  • Properties and relations can not be understood as facts.
  • Even after a clarification by the image of the correspondence theory concept is still too unclear or self-referential.
  • There are clear signs that the facts are changed by our observation itself.
  • There is no neutral position outside of one's own beliefs, from which you could check out a match.
  • The slingshot argument ( or " slingshot " argument ): intensionality of statements prev. Nichtintensionalität of facts.

Mainly some of these reasons mean that even realists do not work with the above-described simple version of the correspondence theory, but usually with variations of the basic model.