Council of Pavia
As the Synod of Pavia or council of Pavia, a number of medieval church gatherings in the town of Pavia are called.
As the former capital of the Langobardenreiches to 1024 and Frankish coronation city of Pavia was in the high Middle Ages, one of the preferred places for church meetings.
Already 698 there had been a first church meeting. A synod at Pavia 850 forbade the bishops hunting.
In February 997 Gregory V called for a Roman synod. This was directed against, among others Gislher Archbishop of Magdeburg, who was accused that he had left his former diocese of Merseburg unlawfully. If he does not bow to the judgment of the Pope, his heavy ecclesiastical penalties were threatened. In addition, the French bishops, who agreed to the marriage of the French king, were excommunicated.
In 998 Otto III had. can adopt a provision for the recovery of alienated Church property at a synod at Pavia. The Emperor reproached the high clergy, that they would not give church property for the benefit of the Church, but for profit, kinship or friendship.
Synods of 1018 and 1022
In an assembly of 1018 issues of church reform had been treated. Henry II and Pope Benedict VIII in 1022 held a joint church meeting in Pavia from. On this reform efforts have been taken up. Among other things, celibacy was repeated until the subdeacon. Was negotiated primarily on the legal status of the children who had emerged from living in an unfree priest and a free woman. Especially the loss of church property by goods alienation by children of priests were complaints. The children should then be unfree people of the church. About the children of priests from the connection of a free priest and a free woman, the Pope wanted to decide only at one of the upcoming synods.
Synod of 1046
Henry III. convened a meeting in 1046, which were attended by bishops from northern Italy, Burgundy and Germany. From Italy came 29 from Burgundy 2 from Germany and eight archbishops or bishops. There, the emperor gave a great speech against simony and stressed that he had never accepted money for an ecclesiastical office.
Synod of 1159
Frederick I convened (Alexander III. , Victor IV ) to eliminate the schism in 1159. The meeting started in January 1160. Present were about 50 bishops mainly from Germany and northern Italy. Although there were envoys of other countries present, but the clergy of England and France was not present. At the meeting Victor appeared IV, while Alexander III. stayed away. The Assembly finally realized Viktor as pope and banished Alexander. This has, in turn, the emperor, excommunicated the counselor and Viktor. Thus, the battle lines between the two camps were further hardened and the schism has solidified. Later, Alexander was recognized by the British, French, Irish, Norwegian, and Spanish clergy and sat down definitively by 1176.
Council of Pavia -Siena 1423
Pope Martin V. summoned after the Decretum frequens rotational basis pending a synod in 1423 to Pavia. Topics were the persistent threat from the Hussites, a schism with Benedict XIII and of course the church reform. The meeting was postponed for various reasons to Siena. The classification of the council participants in nations proved to be source of conflict. There was also a dispute between the majority who stressed the primacy of the council to the pope, and a minority and the Pope himself, who emphasized the papal primacy. The meeting was also resolved, because it turned Alfonso V of Aragon on the part of the Antipope.