Counter admiral

Badges of rank sleeve insignia / command flag

Rear Admiral (originally rear-admiral, English: Rear Admiral; French: contre- amiral ) is a grade designation for a flag officer in the Navy.


The term Rear Admiral is the German equivalent of the French contre - amiral. Originally, the French contre was used, which was officially Germanized January 1, 1899 as counterattack.

The admiral in command of a fleet sailed usually in the middle of the Association. His first deputy, the vice-admiral, supported him at the head of the association, while he was a Rear Admiral to the side at the end. If the association operated against (Fr. contre ) the original direction, the Rear Admiral was at the top. In the Anglo-American naval forces of the rank is referred to as rear admiral, derived from its rearward position at the end (rear) of the fleet ( see also rear-guard, rear guard for French ).

In Dutch, the Rear Admiral had initially has the designation Schoutbynacht, that name went as Lehnswort in the Danish-Norwegian and Swedish Navy before it was even there replaced by Rear Admiral.

Austria ( - Hungary)

When k.u.k. Kriegsmarine was the name, derived from the French, " Rear-Admiral ."

German Navy

In the German Navy, the Admiral called the lowest flag rank.

→ Blackboard, Ranks of the Navy

People's Navy

The Rear Admiral was in the People's Navy of the GDR, the lowest rank in the rank Admiral and comparable to the one-star rank of general ( NATO rank code OF- 6). It corresponded to the Major-General of the NPA. The rank insignia consisted of shoulder pieces with navy blue background and then a braided gold and silver cord was attached to the pentagonal silver-colored star General ( " pimples "). Shoulder pieces were worn on all uniform items.

The sleeve insignia consisted of a broad yellow stripes and a further simple stripes. In a five-pointed star was mounted in the interior of which was the emblem of the GDR. In contrast to all other German naval forces the sleeve badges covered only about 40% of the circumference of the sleeve.

The Admiral insignia showed a golden tendril, which had an angle of 90 ° at the bottom. The cap badge corresponded to that of Rear Admiral in the German Navy.

The figure shows an example of the rank insignia: Admiralsarbesken ( 1), shoulder ( 2) sleeve insignia ( 3), leg stripes (4) and the corresponding command flag (5).

⇒ ranks of the National People's Army, People's Navy

German Navy

The Rear Admiral is the third highest of the four Admiral ranks of the Bundeswehr. This rank corresponds in other branches of the armed forces of the Federal Armed Forces Major General. In the Bundeswehr Medical Service is the naval staff physician of the appropriate rank.

The badges of rank of Rear Admiral, which are worn on both sleeves of the sub Dienstjacketts consist of a golden-yellow wide stripes, another golden strips of single-wide and a five-pointed star. The visor shows a dual, oppositely directed tendril of golden oak leaves, hand-stitched metal fabrication. The Rear Admiral is remunerated by the federal pay scale ( BBesO ) with B7.

The Rear Admiral is mostly used as a fleet commander or head of department, but also in many other Admiral uses in all management areas reason at all management levels. The address is Mr / Mrs Admiral.

Soldiers in this rank can give teams, NCOs without sword knot, sword knot with NCOs, lieutenants, captains and staff officers commands within the limits of the superior regulation ( VorgV ) limits.

In NATO, the Admiral has the NATO rank code OF- seventh

→ Blackboard ranks of the German Navy

United States

The U.S. Navy and the U.S. Coast Guard, and the uniformed corps of the United States Public Health Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration distinguish two ranks, the Rear Admiral (lower half), equivalent to the German Rear Admiral, and Rear Admiral ( upper half ), which corresponds to the German Rear Admiral.

This practice was recorded in the late 19th century, when the Rear Admiral of the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Coast Guard on the promotion list were given a seniority. Although all had the same rank, Rear Admiral were ( upper half ) on the upper half of the promotion list paid more.

1943, the rank of Commodore for the duration of World War II was formally abolished in 1952 and reintroduced again. The Defence Officer Personnel Management Act of 1982, the rank was living under the new name "Commodore Admiral " on back. Already in 1983 the service rate was again changed to "Commodore", only to be changed again in 1986. He has since read "Rear Admiral (lower half) ".

The address is in two ranks "Rear Admiral ". In correspondence the list abbreviation for the Rear Admiral ( lh ) " RDML " and for the Rear Admiral ( uh) " RADM " or is the competition for the " Rear Admiral " each one ( lh ) or ( uh) adjusted to their seniority to show.