CP Class 5600
The Series 5600, also known as Euro Sprinter or Siemens, is a series of locomotives of the Portuguese public railway company Comboios de Portugal. It is based on the prototype Siemens ES64P and is used both for freight as well as for fast long-distance transport. The CP has since 1993 29, originally 30 locomotives of this series.
The series presented early nineties part of a modernization plan of the former state railway Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses (now Comboios de Portugal) since that was introduced following the example of the Spanish RENFE. The series is based on the 5600 Spanish Locomotive class 252, which is also part of the Euro Sprinter range from Siemens Transportation Systems. From the beginning, the series was intended for universal use in the Portuguese rail network - both in freight transport as in fast long-distance transport.
The production of the series took a Portuguese- German consortium consisting of the company Siemens Transportation Systems, Krauss -Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co KG / ABB and the Portuguese Sorefame that occurred as a licensee. The production took place in the then - Sorefame works mainly in Amadora. The contract between the consortium and the CP called for the construction of 30 units with the delivery of one unit per month. Furthermore, there was an option for 18 more locomotives.
Officially, the series was launched in 1993 with the first specimen ( number 5601 ) in Entroncamento station. In the same year more locomotives of the series went into operation, so that the first freight trains between Lisbon and Porto could be drawn from these and during the year 1993/94 the first locomotives of the series could be put out of service in 1900. By 1995, all 30 units were completed, the option on 18 more locomotives did not solve the CP.
1993 won the 5601 locomotive with three freight cars Corail the current Portuguese speed record in regular passenger service with 220 km / h between the stations of Espinho and Avance on the Linha do Norte. Until the introduction of the Series 4700 the locomotives were considered the zugstärksten the CP.
With the introduction of this series Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses which justified a new color scheme consisting of the colors red and gray. This should be the traditional color scheme of the Portuguese locomotives ( Orange and White ) replace - but what it ultimately did not. The series presents itself today in the colors, the latest series 4700, however. Available in red and white All the old locomotives are still painted in the colors orange and white.
The first four locomotives ( 5601, 5602, 5603 and 5604 ) left the CP in 1993 on behalf of the Portuguese cities Entroncamento, Porto, Lisboa ( Lisbon ) and Aveiro baptized.
Each locomotive class 5600 includes four three-phase asynchronous motors, each with an output of 1890 hp and 1400 kilowatts. The series has a top speed of 220 km / h, the average speed is continuous power at 70 km / h. The pulling force is when starting at 300 kN, 90 kN at top speed and average speed is about 290 kN.
In comparison to the very similar RENFE series 252 of the most fundamental difference is that the Spanish version of both monotensão used as has also the possibility of re-gauging. In Portugal, almost exclusively on tracks Iberian broad gauge (1667 mm) is driven. Furthermore, there are slight differences in the buffer stops as well as the headliner.
The series of 5600 Comboios de Portugal is now used exclusively by the two subsidiaries CP Longo Curso ( long distance ) and the CP Carga ( freight). It is mainly found on the two major railways Portugal, the Linha do Norte and the Linha do Sul. In addition, it is used in the trains of the Sud- Express to / from Lisbon to / from Vilar Formoso.