The island of Cres [ tsrɛs ] (Italian Cherso, German outdated Kersch ) is as equally Krk is the largest island in the Adriatic. It is located in the northern part of the Kvarner bay in front of the Istrian peninsula and is part of the County of Primorje- Gorski Kotar in Croatia.


Cres is a hilly island, 66 km long and 2-12 km wide. The length of the coastline is about 248 km.

The highest peak of the island is Gorica ( 648 m). The freshwater lake (5.75 km ²; German about: Crow ) is a natural phenomenon represents the surface of the lake is higher than that of the surrounding sea, while the seabed is at a depth of 74 m below the sea surface. The entire hillsides around the Vrana Lake are restricted area, just a few locals is the access to the lake shore permitted, because the drinking water needs of the entire island is covered by Lake Vrana.

Through a swing bridge is the island in its southern part, connected in place Cres with the island of Lošinj.

The largest town is the city of Cres with 2234 inhabitants.

On the island there is a colony of wild vultures.


The island of Cres has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. First Croats settled in the early 7th century on the island ( see Conquest of the Slavs in the Balkans ). From the 16th century until 1797 as the neighboring islands of Cres was under Venetian rule.

After the fall of Venice, the Habsburgs took control of the eastern Adriatic coast and thus on Cres. Between 1805 and 1814 Cres was briefly part of France, later part of the Danube Monarchy ( Austria - Hungary). Finally, the island came with the signing of the Treaty of Rapallo on 12 November 1920 Italy. During the Second World War, the island was occupied by German troops. After the war, she came to the Republic of Croatia within Yugoslavia and the independence of Croatia in 1991 continues to be part of the Republic of Croatia remained.

The largest of the island's inhabitants are Croats, followed by Bosniaks, Serbs, Slovenes, and small populations of Italians and Germans.

Villages on the island

(Sequence analogous to the direction of travel on the island road ( Federal Road 100) from north to south )

  • Ivanje
  • Porozina (ferry from Brestova in Istria)
  • Filožići
  • Dragozetići
  • Beli, Sveti Petar
  • Predošćica
  • Vodice
  • Merag (ferry from Valbiska on Krk)
  • Cres ( island capital )
  • Loznati
  • Valun, Mali Podol, Pernat Zbicina, Lubenice
  • Orlec
  • Vrana
  • Hrasta
  • Stivana, Miholašćica, Martinšcica, Vidovići
  • Beleja ( dt date: Kaißol )
  • Ustrine
  • Cres ( dt date: Opsor ) ( bridge on Lošinj )
  • Punta Križa


The island of Cres can be reached by ferry from Brestova ( mainland Istria ) to Porozina (Island Cres) and from Valbiska (island of Krk) to Merag ( Cres ). Furthermore, one can on the line Mali Lošinj as a pedestrian by catamaran from Rijeka - Rijeka - Mali Lošinj reach the ports of Cres and Martinšcica.


  • Francesco Patrizi da Cherso ( Frane Petric, 1529-1597 ), philosopher
  • Mate Solis ( born 1935 ), Croatian artist, born in Zadar, grew up on Cres