Cromemco was a US-based company with headquarters in Mountain View, California in the wake of the availability of low-cost microprocessors to the first wave of companies (along with Apple, Commodore, Apollo and others) was that microcomputers or personal computers made popular.
It was founded in 1971 by Roger Melen and Harry Garland, two students at Stanford University founded and named after their dormitory " Crothers Memorial Hall Dormitory " CRO MEMCO. In 1983 Cromemco had about 500 employees and annual sales of $ 55 million.
Cromemco initially became known with the production of a plug for the S -100 bus ( for the Altair 8800 ), which allows an output on normal TV, the TV Dazzler, with a resolution of 128 * 128 pixels and 500 bytes of memory.
The most famous Cromemco computer was the C3, a multi-user system on Zilog Z80 - based with 64 kB RAM, one to four floppy drives and connections for Cromemco and Zenith terminals. Other models were Cromemco I to II ( Intel 8080 ), the Cromemco PC ( with Motorola 68000 ), and the Z2D ( with a CP / M derivative).
Cromemco has in the microcomputer area the first Fortran compiler, the first hard drive and the first Unix ( Cromix ) offered.
The company was sold to Dynatech 1987. The Europe division was reorganized as Cromemco AG, and exists to this day.