The bob is a short -cut women's hair style that emerged around 1920. She was influenced by the " boys ' type', the image of women of the time, and quickly became the most popular hair fashion.
Hairstyle in the period of change
The hair was worn long chin (with or without bangs ) and smooth ( with bangs or side parting, with or without waves ). Special shapes such as the " pageboy " and the " Etonschnitt " at the back short as in the men, were all the rage. In between, there was the " gust hairstyle " with combed from the temples to the front and hochgebürstetem hair. For the evening, the appearance of severely parted hair pomade was supported close to the head. 1906, the perm was invented and made in addition to the smooth bob curly hairstyles come also in fashion.
Increasingly common professional make - - As the fashion creations of " Charlestonzeit ", so the short hair with the societal and social changes and the changing position of women went hand in hand in the aftermath of the First World War. The bob was how close the top hat, short skirt and legs seidenbestrumpften to the external characteristics of the reduced of the fashion magazines on attributes such as clothing style, youthfulness, athleticism or motorization " New Woman". A combination of fashionable appearance with the emancipatory idea hinted at from about 1924. At the time, began in Germany in the wake of the Dawes Plan economic stabilization, and the women went out, attracted by the slightly higher industry wages increased in the cities. As a result, it came as part of a real emancipation for the equation of attitude and appearance of the woman.
Among the best known protagonists belonged to the American dancer Irene Castle. It was 1915, the first who dared to seek a bob cut and thus to hoof it on European and American cabarets. In Paris, the fashion designer Coco Chanel celebrated after the war, their first successes with sweaters, short skirts and trousers, while at the same time promoted the short haircut for women. In Germany Asta Nielsen made in the 1921 film adaptation of twisted Shakespeare's "Hamlet " with the boyish bangs a stir and quickly found many imitators. For the American actress Colleen Moore came the breakthrough, as in 1923 for the film Flaming Youth was tweak their hair into a bob and thus became the model for the " flapper " of the " Jazz Age " or " Roaring Twenties". As known representative of this new image of women was the actress Louise Brooks.