Crown (heraldry)

The crown is a common figure in heraldry not only in blazon, but also in the upper crest.

Use and design

The type of crown in the emblem is set in the coat of arms description. Which crown shape is chosen, depends on the social position of the wearer's coat of arms and is shown with the selected rank crown. It evaluates to the coat of arms. For the simple representation ( without crown rank symbolism ) the three pointed crown with shamrock or lily- shaped crown prongs but has, unless specifically waived spread across the Coronet. Preferably, the color of the selected crown emblazoned, in addition the detailed representation (Pip form and number, gems ), so far as the coat of arms size allows, and it is necessary, or more specialized forms such as ironing crown, notched crown and the like.

The crown can float as its own coat of arms figure in the shield, but especially as a decorative attribute a heraldic animal or a human figure or other common characters such as cross and pillar mounted ( Blazon: crowned ), or lay ( a crown placed ). Occasionally, the crown is pulled and heraldic animals on the neck, as it can happen for example when Swan ( neck crowned ). Put over It is also common in the cross. This is also true for crown above the shield to. In winning heraldic animals it may come to the colors conflict, as when a halo surrounding the head of a swan ( naturally silver) is golden crowned, or the heraldic color ( the background ) of the crown color resembles Smaller attributes do not have to strictly follow the color rule.

Thank coat of arms is placed a crown on the top plate edge, or it hovers above the shield. The crown used generally corresponds to the long development history of the arms, but can also be just the simple rank crown. Often a crown is also on the coat of arms helmet set, and then called for helmets crown. The two representations are actually equivalent, since it presents the helmet only in full coat of arms, but the rank crown is to be retained in omitting the upper crest. Especially territorial coat of arms often result only a rank crown at the sign, otherwise this representation also forms the Small coat of arms.

Variants of the crown

The heraldic rank crowns are, in principle, all the hats ( ducal crown and the like), and the miter ( bishop's cap ), also called miter, a Latin term which, like the equally significant Greek Mitra ( diadem ) since the High Middle Ages in the West to refer to the miter serves. However, they are mostly used as the crown only in the upper crest. A special form is the tiara - it is only found in the papal coat of arms their application.

In the upper coat of arms depicts the mural crown a special form of coat of arms decoration; they do is a repulikanisches icon, and usually found in coats of arms of cities. While it has introduced the people's crown in Germany after the end of the monarchy, the Austrian eagle adorns a mural crown.

In addition, there are numerous special crowns, namely, as the imperial crown, the Rudolf crown of the Habsburgs and the Holy Crown of Saint Stephen of Hungary, or the Lombard iron crown ( Lombardy ): You have a very concrete fixed look that is also observed in heraldry.

Coat of arms with three crowns in the shield are called three crowns crest.


Drawn crown above the shield ( Holy Crown ), and a cross ( Hungary)

Crowned double-headed eagle with imperial crown floating (Russia)

Rank crown (Canary Islands)

Crown over shield and crest tent (Serbia )

Floating imperial crown above the orb ( district of Lichtenfels DE)

Three crowns in chief ( Three Crown Crest Gondorf DE)

Mural crown (Berlin- Tempelhof- Schöneberg DE)