CubeSat is from California Polytechnic State University ( Cal Poly ) initiated an international program that allows universities, colleges and private companies to bring affordable nano-satellites into orbit.
For a standardized format was created, are required to meet these satellites: You have the standard form (1U of English one unit for one unit) dimensions of 10 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm and a maximum weight of 1.33 kg. These satellites are carried in a special starting device (poly Picosatellite Orbital Deployer, or P -POD ), which can accommodate three CubeSats as secondary payloads of launch. In addition, a starting device for individual CubeSats developed by the Japanese Titech University.
As an extension of CubeSat format are double ( 2U, 20 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm, 2 kg) and three times ( 3U, 30 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm, 3 kg) CubeSats possible.
On June 30, 2003, several CubeSats from universities and a commercial CubeSat were started on a Rockot rocket from the Russian spaceport Plesetsk.
- AAU CubeSat ( Aalborg Universitetscenter, Denmark)
- QuakeSat ( Quake Finder, triple CubeSat )
- DTUsat ( Technical University of Denmark )
- CUTE- 1 ( Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan)
- XI -IV ( University of Tokyo, Japan)
- CanX -1 ( University of Toronto, Canada)
On 27 October 2005, Cosmos -3M also brought from Plesetsk of three CubeSats within the SSETI Express mission into space.
- NCube -2 ( Technical and Norwegian University of Science )
- XI -V ( University of Tokyo, Japan)
- UWE -1 ( University of Würzburg, Germany )
On 21 February 2006 a single CubeSat was promoted with a Japanese MV rocket from Uchinoura Space Center into orbit.
- CUTE -1.7 APD ( Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, double CubeSat )
On 26 July 2006, fourteen CubeSats were destroyed in the false start of the Russian Dnepr rocket.
- AeroCube 1 ( commercial)
- 1 CP (California Polytechnic State University, USA )
- CP 2 (California Polytechnic State University, USA )
- IceCube 1 ( Cornell University, USA )
- IceCube 2 ( Cornell University, USA )
- ION ( University of Illinois, USA, double CubeSat )
- HAUSAT 1 ( Hankuk Aviation University, Korea)
- KUTESat ( University of Kansas, USA )
- Mea Huaka'i ( Voyager ) ( University of Hawaii, USA )
- MEROPE (Montana State University, USA )
- NCube -1 ( Technical and Norwegian University of Science )
- RINCON ( University of Arizona, USA)
- SACRED ( University of Arizona, USA)
- SEEDS (Nihon University, Japan)
On December 16, 2006 launched a single CubeSat with a Minotaur 1 rocket from the Wallops Flight Facility.
- GeneSat -1 (NASA, triple CubeSat )
On 17 April 2007 launched seven CubeSats on a Russian Dnepr rocket.
- AeroCube 2 ( commercial)
- CP 3 (California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, USA)
- CP 4 (California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, USA)
- CSTB 1 ( Boeing)
- Libertad 1 ( Sergio Arboleda University, Colombia)
- MAST ( Tethers Unlimited, Seattle, USA, Triple CubeSat )
- AAU Cubesat 2 ( Aalborg Universitetscenter, Denmark)
- CanX -2 ( University of Toronto, Canada)
- COMPASS -1 ( FH Aachen, Germany )
- CUTE -1.7 APD II ( Tōkyō Daigaku Kōgyō, Japan)
- Delfi - C3 ( Technical University of Delft, Netherlands, triple CubeSat )
- 2nd SEEDS (Nihon University, Japan)
On August 3, launched two NASA Ames CubeSats with the Falcon 1 ( Flight 3) of the Kwajalein Atoll launch facilities (U.S.). These CubeSats were lost with the failure of the staging:
- PRESAT, Ames Research Center
- Nano Sail -D, Ames Research Center
On 23 September 2009 also launched a rocket from the Satish Dhawan PSLV - Space Centre at Sriharikota with four CubeSats on board.
- SwissCube in collaboration Swiss universities: Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Neuchâtel University, Haute Ecole d' Ingénierie et de Gestion du Canton de Vaud, Haute Ecole Valaisanne, Haute Ecole Arc Ingénierie, Ecole d' Ingénieurs et d' architectes de Fribourg, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland
- Beesat (Technical University of Berlin, Germany )
- UWE -2 ( University of Würzburg, Germany )
- ITU- PSAT ( İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Turkey)
Further launched CubeSats (selection)
- F-1 of FPT University, Vietnam
- KySat by a consortium of five universities of the state of Kentucky, United States
- ESTCube - 1, the first Estonian satellite. Start 7 May 2013 from Kourou, French Guiana
Planned start and Development projects (selection)
Currently, various CubeSat projects are at various universities as well as in some companies all over the world, including the following:
- TJ3Sat of the Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, Alexandria, United States
- BillikenSat - II of the Saint Louis University, USA
- AubieSat -1 Auburn University, USA
- CanX 5 and 6 of the University of Toronto, Canada
- RyeSat Ryerson University, Canada
- TIsat -1 professional from the Scuola della Svizzera italiana universitaria ( SUPSI ), Switzerland
- DTUsat - 2 of the Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
- Cassat the University of Sydney in collaboration with the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
- HeidelSat the SRH University Heidelberg, Germany
- MEROPE from Montana State University, USA
- İTÜ pSAT I of the Technical University of Istanbul, Turkey
- STARD CubeSat project ( SOMP ) at TU Dresden, Germany
- INSAT -1 and INSAT -2 of the company Israel Aerospace Industries, Israeli Nano Satellite Association
- First-MOVE the Technical University of Munich, Germany
- COMPASS -2 Fachhochschule Aachen, Germany
- BeeSat -2 ( BeeSat - 1 Flight Spare) and BeeSat - 3 of the Technical University of Berlin, Germany
- UWE -3 ( University of Würzburg, Germany )
- OUFTI -1 ( Université de Liège, Belgium)