Curb (Slovak and Hungarian Kantar " bridle " ) called in equestrian sport not a piece jointed bit with leverage, in contrast to Pelham and to lever -less bridle. The Curb enable experienced riders to refine the use of aids. Since by leveraging an enormous force can be established, it may cause injury to the horse's mouth when used improperly. Therefore, the curb should be used only by riders that can very safely and sensitively interact with your horse already and the hand can wear the seat especially independent.
The curb consists mainly of a run through the horse's mouth bar are attached to the lying side and outside the horse's mouth transverse limb, the so-called " trees ". The upper tree is connected to the back piece of the Kandarenzaumes, while the (longer) subtrees are connected by rings at the ends with the reins. Along with a curb chain, which is carried out under the chin groove of the horse and is laterally attached to the chin chain hook in the top of the poles, leverage is generated.
The curb acts in three ways: Firstly, a train on the mouth in the direction of the rider's hand, the lower jaw between the rod and chin chain is by train on the reins exercised, on the other hand pressed, which can result in too much train crush injuries, broken in the extreme case of pine can be. Furthermore, results from the lever on the bridle a train on his neck. This effect is the stronger, the greater is the ratio of the sub-tree to the upper tree. The mere length of the subtree itself does not suggest a sharp curb alone. Long subtrees in conjunction with long upper trees can curb the " slow" and act for the horse predictable, that is only after a certain Zügelweg. Important for the effect of the curb is the correct (not too tight or too loose ) setting the chin chain and selecting a bit with the horse's mouth matching tongue relief.
The curb has been developed to provide a more affordable bridle increased and refined effect on the horse, especially for one-handed reins. It is not suitable to prevent horses from passing.
Types of Curb
According to the shape of the trees, a distinction the Prussian (even trees), the C and the S curb, the latter two being the advantage of have that the horse subtrees can not take with their lips, as they are further back.
In addition, distinction is made between curbs with rigid trees and those with mobile limbs, mostly Western bars, as well as in their application between riding and driving curbs.
The curb is in dressage, in contrast to Western Riding and driving curb which must be followed by a snaffle, a slightly thinner snaffle, which is above the rod in his mouth and is associated with additional bridle reins. In Western riding, in the Iberian riding styles as well as in the classical art of riding the fully trained horse is usually with one-handed reins, rode on the steel curb, without bradoon.
There are also bars and Iceland Western Horse Bits, which are broken as Bridles act (american " snaffle bit with shanks" ) and more like lever Bridles. Their classification as curbs is therefore technically incorrect.
A particularly soft acting dressage double bridle has permanently welded handle, a double jointed snaffle and a curb chain with tightly knotted limbs, which distributes the pressure over more limbs. The curb chain can also be provided with a protective piece of leather, and there is also chinstrap, made entirely of leather (softening of the leather causes a decrease in the precision, therefore a chin strap must be replaced more often).
In dressage is now almost always the "English Bridle " is used to curb. Another noseband would impede the mouthpieces. The use of English noseband strengthens the position of the snaffle and curb bit when the back piece of the curb is firmly attached to the noseband of the noseband. It can also omit, however, since so much is buckled leather on the horse's head.
Because of the heightened exposure to the curb both riders and the horses must have an advanced level of training. Here it is important that the horse is well on the bridle equestrian aids. A casual analogy for this is as necessary as permeability and a trusting hand - foot- relationship. If there are problems with the analogy to bridle, so the curb is suitable only under certain corrective actions. Lessons must always be only trense ripe before you can carry these out on the curb. The reason is that the curb effect can force a horse in a certain position of the head, but this is not the meaning. However, the riding on the curb does not mean that it is a very good rider. In conscious or unconscious misapplication of the curb, the animal suffers here even unnecessarily torment by the leverage of the curb as violent means.
The rider has to carry a total of four reins. These reins can be performed in different ways and accordingly act differently on the horse's mouth a.
The above two variants carry the best account of the fact that with the unbroken curb bit reins a unilateral action is very limited. Yielding of each rein in your left hand is by stretching the finger to which the respective reins runs possible. Yielding of snaffle and curb on the left side is possible by tilting the fist upward on the right side down. When turning, make even more than when riding on snaffle that the outer rein does not inhibit the horse in the bend; where appropriate, is here even the curb reins to give something.