Cyme (Aeolis)

Kyme ( Cyme Latin ) was a city located on two hills ancient Greek city in Asia Minor Aeolian landscape on the southern side of a bay of the Gulf Elaitischen (now Çandarlι Körfezi ) at the present site Aliağa in Turkey.

The city was founded in accordance with ancient tradition of Äoliern and Locrians. From here, Side was settled. The city was a member of aiolischen Elfstädtebundes and was, according to Strabo, the largest and most important city Äoliens. The daughter of a king kymischen was the wife of King Midas. 546 BC the city was involved in the uprising of the PAKTYES. 499 BC it was on the Ionian revolt in 480 BC involved in Xerxeszug. In the winter of 480/79 BC was Kyme winter quarters of the Persian fleet. 477 BC entered the city at the Delian League, 412 BC one stood against Athens on Spartan side. Since 400 BC Kyme finally moved from a few interruptions apart on the side of the Persians. Since the conquest of Alexander the Great and his successors, the city was again under Greek rule. 218 BC Kyme joined with other cities of Ionia and the Aegean Sea from Achaeus to Attalus I in 190 BC, the city was Seleucid. Two years later, certain Rome that the city would have to obtain tax-exempt status. 154 BC Prusias II paid for damages done to any compensation. In a battle of Kyme was defeated 132 BC Aristonicus. Three years later, the city of the new Roman province of Asia was slammed. Even in the 1st century BC Kyme seems to have been very wealthy. In Byzantine times the city was a suffragan of Ephesus.

From ancient times are still remains of the Stoa, theater and temples of Aphrodite ( 4th century BC) and Isis ( 2nd century AD), the city walls and gates available. Before being sunk Südmole were found the remains of a medieval port house. Excavations there were also remains valuable Hellenistic statues.

Famous sons of the city were Hesiod's father and the historian Ephorus. Even Homer was said in some sources that he was son of the city. The inhabitants of the city, which were more farmers than mariners, were in ancient times as foolish and were goal of universal ridicule.