Cyrus I

Cyrus I (Persian کوروش, Old Persian Kurus, Kuras Babylonian, Elamite Kuras; * before 657 BC; † 600 BC ), son of King Teispes, was the fourth king of the ancient Persian Achaemenid Empire. His reign is traditionally about 640 - 600 BC dated, but a later dating (ca. 610-585 ) has recently been considered.


In the inscription of Cyrus cylinder Cyrus I is mentioned as a great king of Anshan and a descendant of Teispes. This information is confirmed both by Herodotus and from the Behistun inscription of Darius I.. Witnessed Cyrus is further characterized by panels of Persepolis Tablets Fortifications (PFT ) and a seal with the Elamite inscription Cyrus of Anshan, son of Teispes. Herodotus also reported to Cyrus the king of Anshan formed a new coalition of his own Persian tribe, the Pasargadae, the Persian tribes of Maraphii and MaSpII, the mighty strains ( of unknown origin ) the Panthialaei, Derusiaei and Germanii as well as the nomadic tribes of the Dahae (also Dai called ), Mardi ( Medes ), Dropici and Sagarti ( Asagarti ). As the year of the revolt against the Ariaramna I. he calls the year 550 BC

However, Herodotus 's statements are not entirely true. It is actually in the uprising to Cyrus II subjugated 550 BC Drangiana.

In a tribute list of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal a Kuras, King of Parsumaš is mentioned, the BC sent his son Arukku to 646 or 639 with a tribute to Nineveh to pay homage. This Kuras has traditionally identified with Cyrus I, but there are recently doubts about this assumption.

The promedische course of Cyrus I led to an increase in its power range of Anshan originally on Parsa, whose ruler Ariaramna I, a brother of Cyrus I, was deposed by the Medes because of lack of loyalty.