D. K. Barooah

Devakanta Barua (also Dev Kant Baruah, Assamese: দেৱকান্ত বৰুৱা, Devakānta Baruvā; born February 22, 1914 in Dibrugarh, Assam, † January 28, 1996 in Delhi ) was an Indian politician of the Indian National Congress ( INC), which he was president from 1975 was until 1977.


After attending school in Guwahati and Nowgong he studied at the Banaras Hindu University and worked after graduation in the independence movement. Due to this, he was in 1940, 1941 and 1942 arrested several times and then worked as an editor at the newspaper Dainik Assamiya and Natun Assamiya, making it at that time shaped the public opinion in Assam. Barua, an admirer of the works of William Wordsworth, DH Lawrence and Rabindranath Thakur, in addition worked as a poet and, among others, published the book Dekhisa Sagar. His younger brother was the renowned author Navakanta Barua.

His political career began in 1949 with the election of a member of the Constituent Assembly, to which he belonged until 1951. Subsequently, he was a member of the Provisional Parliament before he was elected deputy of the lower house ( Lok Sabha ) in 1952 and this belonged in the first term until 1957.

Following 1957 he was a member of the Assam Legislative Assembly and was one of these as a representative for the constituency Nowgong until his resignation in 1966. Having to September 1959 he was Speaker of the Parliament of June 1957, he was from 1962 to 1966 Minister of Education and Co-operation in the government of Chief Minister Bimali Prasad Chaliha. In 1967 he was again elected a member of the Assam Legislative Assembly.

After working as chairman of the company Oil India Limited, he was on February 1, 1971 Governor of the State of Bihar and has held this office two years until February 1973. 1973 he was elected a member of the upper house ( Rajya Sabha ) and belonged to this until 1977. Shortly thereafter, he was appointed in 1973 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi as minister of petroleum and chemicals in the cabinet and held this ministerial office until 1974.

In 1975, he took over from Shankar Dayal Sharma as President of the Indian National Congress and held this function during the state of emergency until 1977. He was a loyal supporter of Indira Gandhi and eulogized them with the words " Indira is India, India is Indira ".

After the crushing defeat of the Congress Party against the Janata Party in elections to the Lok Sabha in 1977, which resulted in as Prime Minister on the appointment of Morarji Desai, he lost in 1977 as President of the INC. His successor as party president was then Indira Gandhi, who managed the re-election on 14 January 1980 Prime Minister.

Between 1977 and 1979 he was again a member of the Lok Sabha.


After his election as party president at the Congress of INC in Chandigarh 1975 he held an inaugural address and said this: