D. K. Pattammal
DK Pattammal ( Damal Krishnaswamy Pattammal; Tamil: .. தா கி பட்டம்மாள்; born March 28, 1919 in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, † July 16, 2009 in Chennai) was an Indian singer of South Indian classical music. She was together with her contemporaries MS Subbulakshmi and ML Vasanthakumari as the " female trinity of Carnatic Music". Her career spanned over 65 years.
Pattammal had her first public performance at the age of 14 years in Madras (today's Chennai) and was the first Brahmin, who performed Carnatic music to the public. Beginning of the 20th century, this was still taboo for women of Brahmin caste.
Pattammal was also the first woman to Ragam - Tanam - Pallavi, the most difficult piece of Carnatic music concert and thus the domain of men, has performed on stage. They sang very complex Pallavis with complicated Talas what you respect and recognition of their male counterparts, and the name " Pallavi Pattammal " earned. Nowadays, many choose Carnatic musicians Ragam - Tanam - Pallavi as the main piece of their concerts.
During her singing career to Pattammal developed to expert on the compositions of Muthuswami Dikshitar and Papanasam Sivan, whose pieces she performed frequently. They also popularized nationalist compositions of Subrahmanya Bharati and other composers.
Pattammals full voice is in the range of a deep old. Her vocal strengths include technical accuracy, strict adherence of pitch and rhythm, and clear pronunciation of sung texts. Your lectures of shlokas and Viruttams ( poems or verses improvised sung without rhythmic accompaniment ) were particularly emotion filled.
Her singing style attracted many students, first her younger brother DK Jayaraman, who frequently appeared together with her in concerts. Pattammal taught pupils from several countries to their known include Lalitha Sivakumar, Geetha Rajashekar, Nithyasree Mahadevan and Bhavadhaarini Anantaraman.
In the course of her career Pattammal has received numerous awards including Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1962 a and 1970, Sangeetha Kalanidhi, the highest recognition in the Carnatic music. From the Government of India in 1971, she was honored with the Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan in 1999 with the.