The Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd.. (Japaneseダイハツ工業 株式会社Daihatsu Kōgyō Kabushiki - gaisha ) is a Japanese automobile manufacturer. 2006 Daihatsu 1,084,721 vehicles built, which the company is among the Japanese manufacturers the seventh and the 18th place internationally.
The company was founded in 1907 as Hatsudoki Seizo Company. In 1951 it was renamed Daihatsu. In 1967 a business partnership with Toyota. Since 1998, Toyota has the majority share ( 51.2 percent).
Daihatsu focuses primarily on the construction of small vehicles and intends to continue to focus exclusively on this market segment. Many Daihatsu vehicles include the Japanese Kei - car class.
On January 31, 2013, the sales of new vehicles in Europe has been set. In 2010, in Europe or 19,300 (2008: 57,700; 2009: 36,300 ) and only 5317 brand vehicles first registered in Germany. In 2011, new car registrations in Germany fell by 26% to 3932 vehicles.
- 4.1 Production in Japan
- 4.2 Production overseas
- 4.3 Further under license
- 5.1 Timeline
- 5.2 Model Overview
Company and Logo
The company name (company) Daihatsu derives from place names Osaka, the company's location, and the original company " Hatsudoki Seizo ". The first kanji of the name Osaka (大阪) and the company (発 动机 制造Hatsudoki Seizo, literally, engine production ) have assembled pronunciation " Daihatsu ". The Japanese spelling of the company (ダイハツ) does not use the kanji, but gives the company phonetically by Katakana again.
The Daihatsu logo shows a stylized D in an ellipse.
Hatsudoki Seizo Co., Ltd..
The establishment of the Hatsudoki Seizo Company, from which later Daihatsu was, going back to 1907. The company founders were professors at the University of Osaka, the first president of the company Kurokawa was Iyokuma. Originally the Hatsudoki Seizo Company dealt with the development and sale of gas engines. The company's first product was a 6 -horsepower gas engine, which was completed in December, 1907. 1914, the company developed a 20 -horsepower gas engine.
Later, the Hatsudoki Seizo Company ceased production of gas engines in favor of the diesel engine. 1930, the company built its first car, a three-wheeled utility vehicle with a gasoline engine, under the name of type HA. He was succeeded in 1933 a three-wheeled passenger cars, the Daihatsu GO. In April 1937, the Hatsudoki Seizo Company eventually built the first four-wheeled vehicle, a small van with the type designation FA.
Opened in 1939, the Hatsudoki Seizo Company a work in Ikeda, are produced in the still vehicles. As a result of the Second World War there was severe damage to the plant.
In May 1949, the sale of a three-wheeled utility vehicle with 1000 cc two-stroke engine started. Since May 14, 1949, the company is traded on the Stock Exchange of Osaka, since May 16, 1949 the Tokyo Stock Exchange. The production in 1949 amounted to 7000 vehicles.
The first passenger car, which the Hatsudoki Seizo Company produced after the war, was offered from 1951. These were in turn to a three-wheeled car, the Model Bee with two cylinders and 1000 cc. In December 1951 the Hatsudoki Seizo Company renamed in Daihatsu Motor Company. The production was in 1951 at 12,000 vehicles.
Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd..
The Midget produced from 1957 ( see also Auto rickshaw ) was in production until 1972. In November 1958 Daihatsu presented a new four-wheeled vehicle, the Vesta, with four-stroke engine and 1000 cc. 1958 were built 38,000 vehicles.
In November 1960, the Hijet was launched in Japan. 1963 Daihatsu built a small commercial vehicle with the name Compagno Van. This was followed in February 1964 a small passenger cars bearing the name Compagno Berlina. 1964 produced 170,000 vehicles. 1965 Daihatsu began with the development of electric cars, a year later, the first vehicle was completed. 1966 won the prototype P-3 the Japanese Grand Prix in its class. As of November 1966, the small car Fellow sold. The production was in 1966 at 187,000 vehicles.
In February 1967, a test track in Shiga, a cooperation agreement with Toyota was completed in November closed. The introduction of the Daihatsu company logo was made in the same year. The production amounted in 1967 to 236,000 vehicles. In 1968 with the P -5 again a vehicle from Daihatsu Grand Prix in its class. In 1970, Daihatsu supplied the World Expo in Osaka with 275 electric vehicles that were used there as taxis. As of April 1970, the Fellow Max was available. 1970 327.000 vehicles were produced.
In the early 1970s opened Daihatsu three new plants in Japan. 1973 Daihatsu resulted in all plants the five-day week. As of August 1974, the Taft, the first four-wheel vehicle from Daihatsu was sold with a 958 cc engine. The production was in 1974 at 328,000 vehicles.
The electric tricycle Hello BC was available from November 1975. The Hijet 550 with a 550 - cc engine, and the Fellow Max 550, introduced in 1976 Daihatsu ago. The Charade was available in November of 1977 and was elected in January 1978 in Japan Car of the Year 1977. The production in 1977 amounted to 446,000 vehicles.
In June 1979, a body responsible for European office was opened in Brussels. In December of the year in the port of Kobe took the export center of Daihatsu, which has its own shipping facilities on the operation. 1979 built 546,000 vehicles. Since 1980, the Mira, which is available as Cuore outside Japan, sold. In 1981, a Charade the Monte Carlo Rally in the class up to 1000 cc, in April 1982 was followed by a class victory in the Safari Rally. In 1982, the production was 603,000 vehicles.
In January 1984, the sale of the Charade De Tomaso, which was developed together with Nuova Innocenti in Italy began. In December 1985, Daihatsu built the ten millionth vehicle. The production in 1985 amounted to 729,000 vehicles.
In 1986, with the establishment of Daihatsu America, Inc. in entering the U.S. market in 1992, the company moved but due to lack of success back from the United States back. The establishment of a department for the construction of industrial engines was also carried out in 1986. In December 1988, the Daihatsu Germany GmbH was founded. 1988 built 834,000 vehicles.
In April 1993, a Charade scored again a class victory in the Safari Rally. In November 1993, the seven thousandth electric car was sold in December of the year the total thousandth electrically operated Hijet Van. The production in 1993 amounted to 736,000 vehicles. In May 1995, the electric car mini Sway came on the market.
Since September 1998 Toyota owns a majority share in Daihatsu. As a result, Daihatsu was a member of the Toyota Group. In November 1998, a total of twenty millionth vehicle was produced.
In 2002, Daihatsu developed on the basis of nanotechnology as the world's first vehicle manufacturer has a self-regenerating catalyst which prevents a decrease in efficiency over the lifetime of the vehicle by the regeneration of palladium and reduces the required amount of the precious metal.
Daihatsu in Germany
Production in Japan
The plants in Kyushu, are operated by the Daihatsu Motor Kyushu Co., Ltd.. , A wholly owned subsidiary of Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd.. .
The Daihatsu Altis, which corresponds to the Toyota Camry is built in Tsutsumi plant of Toyota in Toyota, Aichi.
Production sites are located in Indonesia (since 1979 ), Malaysia (1994 ), Pakistan (2000), Venezuela ( 2001), Colombia (2005 ) and China (1984 /2007).
1979 took the first of Daihatsu in Indonesia operated the factory to work. In 1992, a new joint venture, P. T. Astra Daihatsu Motor, founded, is involved in the Daihatsu with 61.75 percent. In Indonesia, the Zebra (corresponding to the Hijet ), Terios and Xenia produced.
In Malaysia, the models Kancil (corresponding to the Cuore ), Rusa ( Hijet ), Kenari (Move), Myvi ( Sirion ) and Viva ( Cuore ) built. The production takes place in the framework of the joint venture Perodua.
In March 2000, the Indus Motor Co., Ltd. began. with the production of Cuore in Pakistan.
Since November 2001, the Terios Toyota de Venezuela is produced. Toyota holds 90 percent of the company.
Since February 2005, the Delta is sold in Colombia. It is produced is involved by the Sociedad de Fabricación de Automotores S. A., at the Toyota with 28 percent.
In Tianjin, China Automobile Daihatsu vehicles under the brand Xiali be built since 1984 on the basis of a license agreement with the Tianjin FAW Xiali. From 1984, the Hijet was available, later, the Charade, which was sold in China in large numbers. Another manufactured in China under license is the Daihatsu since 2003 by the FAW Huali ( Tianjin) Motor Co., Ltd.. built Dario Terios.
The Daihatsu brand has been present in China since 2007. Since June 2007, the Xenia is offered in China, the production takes place in the framework of the joint venture FAW Daihatsu (Jilin ) Body Parts Co., Ltd.. in Jilin. Daihatsu has a 50 percent stake in the company.
In Italy, the Hijet was built under a joint venture with Piaggio from 1992 to 2002. The based on the Hijet under license Piaggio Porter is still manufactured by Piaggio.
In Vietnam Daihatsu been represented since 1995 by the joint venture Vietindo Daihatsu Automotive Corporation, was involved in the Daihatsu with 26 percent. Due to lower sales, the company in 2007 but withdrew from the Vietnamese market. The models were made of Citivan and Jumbo ( both on the Hijet based ), and the Terios.
More under license
- Bertone freeclimbers ( under license of the Rocky Bertone )
- Bertone freeclimbers II ( under license of the Feroza by Bertone )
- Identical, basiered on or jointly developed with Toyota: Toyota Publica, Toyota Dyna, Toyota LiteAce / Townace, Toyota Corolla, Toyota Carmy, Toyota Avanza, Toyota Passo, Toyota bB, Toyota Rush, Toyota Passo Sette - Toyota Yaris
- Basiered on Hino: Hino Dutro
- 2001 Daihatsu FF Ultra Space
- Daihatsu muse
- Daihatsu U4B • Urban 4x4 buggy
- Daihatsu UFE • Ultra Fuel Economy
- 2003 Daihatsu ai • Attractive & Intelligent
- Daihatsu D -Bone
- Daihatsu Tanto (concept of Tanto )
- Daihatsu UFE - II • Ultra Fuel Economy
- Daihatsu XL- C • Excellent Compact (concept of Trevis )
- 2005 Daihatsu Costa
- Daihatsu D-Compact 4X4 (concept of Terios )
- Daihatsu HVS • Hybrid Vehicle Sports
- Daihatsu SK- Tourer
- Daihatsu UFE - III • Ultra Fuel Economy
- 2007 Daihatsu HSC • Heart & Smile Concept
- Daihatsu Mud Master - C • Mud Master -Concept
- Daihatsu OFC - 1 • Open Future Concept -1 (possible Copen successor )